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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Shrub, tree, evergreen; monoecious.
Stem: young crown conic; twig not grooved, resinous, generally persistent.
Leaf: simple, generally alternate, sometimes in bundles or appearing ± 2-ranked, linear or awl-like; base decurrent, woody or not, persistent several yrs.
Pollen cone: generally < 6 cm, not woody, deciduous.
Seed cone: generally woody; bracts, scales generally persistent; scale not peltate, fused to or free from subtending bract.
Seed: 2, on scale base adaxially.
10 genera, 193 species: generally n hemisphere; many of great commercial value, supplying > 1/2 of world's timber. —Scientific Editors: Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Thieret 1993 FNANM 2:352–398]
Key to Pinaceae
Key to Pinus
Stem: young crown conic, mature often rounded or flat; branches ± whorled in young plants; young bark smooth, mature furrowed; bud ± conic, generally resinous.
Leaf: generally 2.5–35 cm, generally sessile, in bundles of (1)2–5; bundles 1 in axils of alternate, awl-like bracts, base in a sometimes deciduous, scaly sheath of bracts, generally persistent several yrs.
Seed cone: often whorled, generally maturing, opening 2nd yr, persistent on stem or not; stalk 0 or < 16 cm; bract included, fused to scale at least basally, minute; scale tip reflexed, elongated 3–7 cm or often with a rounded or angled, often prickled knob < 3 cm.
Seed: coat hard, woody or not.
94 species: n hemisphere. (Latin: pine) Pinus pinea L., stone pine (leaves 2 per bundle, 10–30 cm; seed cone 8–15 cm, maturing in 3 yrs) cultivated in Eur for over 6000 yrs for edible seeds (pine nuts), reportedly naturalized in SnFrB, n ChI.
Unabridged references: [Millar & Critchfield 1988 Madroño 35:39–53]
Unabridged note: Morphological, genetic study of relationships among Pinus jeffreyi, Pinus ponderosa, and Pinus washoensis indicates that the taxa should be classified as 2 species, Pinus jeffreyi and Pinus ponderosa, and that the latter comprises three vars.: Pinus ponderosa var. pacifica (new taxon), Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa, and Pinus ponderosa var. washoensis (new combination).
Stem: trunk < 38 m, < 2.1 m wide, in youth < 2 m growth per yr; mature bark black, deep-grooved; mature crown irregular, round-topped.
Leaf: (2)3 per bundle, 6–15 cm, dark green; sheath persistent.
Seed cone: recurved, 6–15 cm, asymmetric, light brown, opening slowly 2nd yr, persistent < 25 yrs; stalk < 15 mm; proximal scale tip knobs < 2 cm, rounded, minute-prickled.
Seed: < wing.
Closed-cone-pine forest, oak woodland; < 1300 m. Central Coast (near Point Año Nuevo; vicinity of Monterey Peninsula; Cambria-San Simeon area; all < 300 m) (naturalized North Coast, Central Coast, South Coast, Peninsular Ranges (Santa Ana Mtns));
Previous taxon: Pinus quadrifolia
Next taxon: Pinus sabiniana
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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