|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
[Annual to] perennial herb [to tree], generally ± glabrous. Leaf: alternate, simple, entire, generally petioled; stipules 0 or vestigial. Inflorescence: spike, raceme [panicle], [axillary or] terminal (then often lateral, ± opposite a leaf, by growth of bud axillary to that leaf); bract 1; bractlets 2. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, fused at base, generally persistent; petals 0; stamens 4–many, generally on disk, free or fused at base, in 1–2 whorls or not; carpels generally 1–12, [free] to fused, ovary generally superior, carpels = styles, chambers in number, ovules 1 per chamber, stigmas linear or thread-like. Fruit: berry [achene, capsule, drupe, nut, samara].
± 18 genera, 130 species: ± worldwide, especially America tropics, subtropics. [Rogers 1985 J Arnold Arbor 66:1–37] A broad family concept adopted here, as many as 6 segregate families sometimes recognized by others. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Perennial herb [to tree]; axes often ± red to purple. Flower: sepals 5, petal-like; stamens generally 5–30; carpels 5–12, ± fused. Fruit: berry, chambers 5–12. Seed: 1 per chamber.Key to Phytolacca
± 25 species: tropics, subtropics, especially America. (Greek, Latin: plant, crimson dye, from fruit color)
Plant to 3 m. Leaf: blade < 30 cm, 15 cm wide, elliptic to obovate (lanceolate); petiole 0.5–6 cm. Inflorescence: spike or spike-like, < 30 cm; peduncle < 10 cm; pedicel 0 or 0.5–2(4) mm. Flower: sepals equal, < 3 mm, broadly elliptic, white or pink to pale ± red; stamens (8)10–22(30), generally in 2 whorls; carpels generally 6–10, fused. Fruit: 7–8 mm diam, purple-black. Seed: 2.5–3 mm, thickly lenticular, black, shiny.
Disturbed areas, chrome ore piles; 10–400 m. South Coast (San Diego Co.), Peninsular Ranges (Otay Mtn); Arizona, Maryland; northern Mexico to northern South America. Some authors including Phytolacca octandra L. Summer–winter [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Phytolacca heterotepala
Next taxon: Picrodendraceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Feb 27 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Phytolacca, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=38170, accessed on Feb 27 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Phytolacca icosandra|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month