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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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[Annual to] per [to tree], generally ± glabrous.
Leaf: alternate, simple, entire, generally petioled; stipules 0 or vestigial.
Inflorescence: spike, raceme [ panicle], [ axillary or] terminal (then often lateral, ± opposite a leaf, by growth of bud axillary to that leaf); bract 1; bractlets 2.
Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, fused at base, generally persistent; petals 0; stamens 4–many, generally on disk, free or fused at base, in 1–2 whorls or not; carpels generally 1–12, [ free] to fused, ovary generally superior, carpels = styles, chambers in number, ovules 1 per chamber, stigmas linear or thread-like.
Fruit: berry [ achene, capsule, drupe, nut, samara].
± 18 genera, 130 species: ± worldwide, especially Am tropics, subtrop. [Rogers 1985 J Arnold Arbor 66:1–37] A broad family concept adopted here, as many as 6 segregate families sometimes recognized by others. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Perennial [to tree]; axes often ± red to purple.Key to Phytolacca
Flower: sepals 5, petal-like; stamens generally 5–30; carpels 5–12, ± fused.
Fruit: berry, chambers 5–12.
Seed: 1 per chamber.
± 25 species: tropics, subtrop, especially Am. (Greek, Latin: plant, crimson dye, from fruit color)
Plant to 2.5 m.
Leaf: blade < 13 cm, 6 cm wide, lanceolate to ovate; petiole to 5 cm.
Inflorescence: ± open raceme, < 25 cm; peduncle to 5.5 cm; pedicel 2–5 mm.
Flower: sepals unequal (largest ± 2 × smallest in width), 3–4 mm, narrowly to widely elliptic to oblanceolate, white with green ± central area; stamens 12–22, generally in 2 whorls; carpels 8–11, fused.
Fruit: 6–7 mm diam, purple-black.
Seed: 2–2.5 mm, lenticular, black, shiny.
Disturbed areas; 10–60 m. Central Coast (San Francisco);
Previous taxon: Phytolacca americana var. americana
Next taxon: Phytolacca icosandra
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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