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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2–5-chambered.
75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC. [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum. Koeltz Scientific Books] Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum: The Genera of Solanaceae Illustrated, Arranged According to a New System by A.T. Hunziker. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany]
Key to Solanaceae
Annual from taproot or perennial herb from rhizome; hairs branched or not, glandular or not. Leaf: ± opposite or not, entire to pinnate-lobed. Inflorescence: flowers 1–few per axil, pedicelled. Flower: generally nodding; calyx 5-lobed, enlarged and persistent, bladder-like in fruit; corolla ± rotate to shallowly bell-shaped, generally ± yellow, often dark-spotted adaxially; stamens 5, attached to hairy band in tube, anthers free, generally < filaments, opening by slits; style generally straight. Fruit: berry, fleshy [dry]. Seed: many, 2–2.5 mm, ± spheric to reniform.Key to Physalis
± 85 species: America, Eurasia, Africa, Australia. (Greek: bladder, from calyx in fruit) Unripe fruit often TOXIC. Needs study in western United States. Some species cultivated for edible or ornamental fruit.
Unabridged references: [Sullivan 1985 Syst Bot 10:426–444]
Perennial herb, subshrub, < 8 dm; hairs simple, dense, short, generally glandular. Stem: often zigzagged, ridged. Leaf: 1–3 cm, generally ovate, fleshy, entire or ± wavy; petiole ± = blade. Inflorescence: pedicel 15–30 mm, in fruit > calyx. Flower: calyx 4–7 mm, in fruit 20–25 mm, weak-angled; corolla 15–20 mm diam, widely bell-shaped, yellow; anthers 2–3 mm, yellow.
Gravelly to rocky flats, washes, slopes; < 1300 m. Peninsular Ranges, s East of Sierra Nevada, Desert; Nevada, Arizona, northern Mexico. Mar–May [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Physalis acutifolia
Next taxon: Physalis hederifolia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 8 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Physalis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=38054, accessed on Oct 8 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Physalis crassifolia|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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