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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub [tree], generally hairy. Leaf: cauline, opposite, generally toothed; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or head, generally elongated in fruit; bract generally 1 per flower. Flower: bisexual; calyx generally 4–5-toothed; corolla 4–5-lobed, radial to bilateral, salverform to 2-lipped; stamens 4–5 (if 4, generally in unequal pairs), epipetalous; ovary superior, 2- or 4-lobed, generally 2- chambered, style 1, often with 2 unequal lobes, only 1 stigmatic, lateral. Fruit: 2 or 4 nutlets, drupe-like, or capsule.
± 31 genera, ± 920 species: especially America tropics. Some cultivated (Lantana, Verbena, Vitex); some weedy worldwide (Lantana); some used for wood (Tectona, teak). Avicennia included in Acanthaceae. [Marx et al. 2010 Amer J Bot 97:1647–1663] —Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Verbenaceae
Perennial herb, generally mat-like. Stem: central generally stolon-like; branches decumbent to erect, glabrous or ± strigose. Leaf: opposite or clustered, strigose to appressed-hairy; hairs forked. Inflorescence: spike, ± spheric, becoming cylindric in fruit, dense; bracts ovate to wedge-shaped. Flower: calyx ± compressed, 2–4-toothed; corolla ± 2-lipped, tube generally > calyx; stamens 4; ovary 2-chambered, ovules 2, style lobes 2, stigma lateral. Fruit: nutlets 2.Key to Phyla
± 15 species: warm temperate, subtropical America. (Greek: clan or tribe, from clustered flowers)
Stem: internodes generally < 4 cm; branches generally < 15 cm. Leaf: blade 5–30 mm, margin ± entire or generally serrate from mid-blade to tip. Inflorescence: 6–10 mm; peduncle 1.5–9 cm. Flower: corolla white to ± red.
2n=36. Wet places, pond margins; < 400 m. Northwestern California (except Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges), Great Central Valley, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast, Channel Islands (Santa Cruz, Santa Catalina islands), Peninsular Ranges, se Mojave Desert, Sonoran Desert; warm temperate, tropics ± worldwide. [Phyla nodiflora var. canescens (Kunth) Moldenke; Phyla nodiflora var. incisa (Small) Moldenke; Phyla nodiflora var. reptans (Kunth) Moldenke; Phyla nodiflora var. rosea (D. Don) Moldenke] Questionably native; variation in leaf margin, leaf hairiness may reflect multiple introductions from elsewhere, including South America. May–Nov [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Phyla lanceolata
Next taxon: Verbena
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Aug 30 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Phyla, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=37943, accessed on Aug 30 2014
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Phyla nodiflora|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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