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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub [tree], generally hairy. Leaf: cauline, opposite, generally toothed; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or head, generally elongated in fruit; bract generally 1 per flower. Flower: bisexual; calyx generally 4–5-toothed; corolla 4–5-lobed, radial to bilateral, salverform to 2-lipped; stamens 4–5 (if 4, generally in unequal pairs), epipetalous; ovary superior, 2- or 4-lobed, generally 2- chambered, style 1, often with 2 unequal lobes, only 1 stigmatic, lateral. Fruit: 2 or 4 nutlets, drupe-like, or capsule.
± 31 genera, ± 920 species: especially America tropics. Some cultivated (Lantana, Verbena, Vitex); some weedy worldwide (Lantana); some used for wood (Tectona, teak). Avicennia included in Acanthaceae. [Marx et al. 2010 Amer J Bot 97:1647–1663] —Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Verbenaceae
Perennial herb, generally mat-like. Stem: central generally stolon-like; branches decumbent to erect, glabrous or ± strigose. Leaf: opposite or clustered, strigose to appressed-hairy; hairs forked. Inflorescence: spike, ± spheric, becoming cylindric in fruit, dense; bracts ovate to wedge-shaped. Flower: calyx ± compressed, 2–4-toothed; corolla ± 2-lipped, tube generally > calyx; stamens 4; ovary 2-chambered, ovules 2, style lobes 2, stigma lateral. Fruit: nutlets 2.Key to Phyla
± 15 species: warm temperate, subtropical America. (Greek: clan or tribe, from clustered flowers)
Stem: internodes generally 3–10 cm; branches 15–50 cm. Leaf: blade 25–60 mm, lanceolate to ovate, margin serrate from proximal to mid-blade to tip. Inflorescence: 7–18 mm; peduncle 4–9 cm. Flower: corolla white or pale blue to ± purple.
2n=32. Wet places, marshes; < 400 m. Great Central Valley, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast, Desert; to eastern North America, northern Mexico. May–Nov [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Lippia lanceolata Michx.]
Previous taxon: Phyla
Next taxon: Phyla nodiflora
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 21 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Phyla, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=37942, accessed on Dec 21 2014
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Phyla lanceolata|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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