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Robert Patterson, family description, key to genera

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1–many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). [Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55–91] Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Polemoniaceae


Carolyn J. Ferguson, Suzanne C. Strakosh & Robert Patterson

Perennial herb or ± subshrub, open to matted or cushion-like. Stem: prostrate or decumbent to erect. Leaf: cauline, opposite, simple, sessile, lance-linear to elliptic, entire. Flower: corolla salverform; stamens attached at > 1 level, some unequal.
± 60 species: North America, Siberia. (Greek: flame, ancient name for Lychnis of Caryophyllaceae) [Locklear 2009 J Bot Res Inst Texas 3:645–658] Phlox gracilis moved to Microsteris.
Unabridged references: [Cronquist 1984 Intermountain Flora 4:95–107]

Key to Phlox

P. speciosa Pursh
Open. Stem: erect. Leaf: 1–5 cm, lance-linear. Inflorescence: terminal, with leaf-like bracts below; pedicel 3–20 mm, slender. Flower: calyx 7–10 mm, membrane not keeled; corolla bright pink to white, tube 10–15 mm, lobes obcordate to deeply 2-lobed; stamens short, anthers in corolla tube; style 0.4–2 mm, stigmas > style.
Rocky, wooded slopes, sagebrush scrub; 500–2400 m. Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada; to British Columbia, Montana. [Phlox speciosa subsp. nitida (Suksd.) Wherry; Phlox speciosa subsp. occidentalis (Durand) Wherry] Several subspecies named; study needed. Apr–Jun [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Phlox pulvinata
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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 27 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Phlox, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 27 2015

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click for enlargement Phlox speciosa
See CalPhotos for additional images
2004 George W. Hartwell

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Phlox speciosa Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.