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POLEMONIACEAE PHLOX FAMILY

Robert Patterson, family description, key to genera

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1–many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). [Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55–91] Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Polemoniaceae

PHLOX

Carolyn J. Ferguson, Suzanne C. Strakosh & Robert Patterson

Perennial herb or ± subshrub, open to matted or cushion-like. Stem: prostrate or decumbent to erect. Leaf: cauline, opposite, simple, sessile, lance-linear to elliptic, entire. Flower: corolla salverform; stamens attached at > 1 level, some unequal.
± 60 species: North America, Siberia. (Greek: flame, ancient name for Lychnis of Caryophyllaceae) [Locklear 2009 J Bot Res Inst Texas 3:645–658] Phlox gracilis moved to Microsteris.
Unabridged references: [Cronquist 1984 Intermountain Flora 4:95–107]

Key to Phlox

P. hirsuta E.E. Nelson YREKA PHLOX
NATIVE
Open, coarsely hairy. Stem: erect. Leaf: 10–20 mm, ± lanceolate. Inflorescence: pedicel 5–25 mm. Flower: calyx 8–12 mm, glandular-hairy, membranes keeled; corolla pink to white, tube 12–15 mm; style 4–7 mm, stigmas below anthers, anthers below corolla throat.
Dry serpentine talus, open Jeffrey-pine/incense-cedar forest; 1000–1500 m. ne Klamath Ranges. Apr–May [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}

Previous taxon: Phlox douglasii
Next taxon: Phlox hoodii subsp. canescens

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 2 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Phlox, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=37819, accessed on Sep 2 2014

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click for enlargement Phlox hirsuta
See CalPhotos for additional images
2005 Dean Wm. Taylor

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Phlox hirsuta Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.