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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Perennial from caudex or rhizome, generally ± hairy.
Stem: often ± leafy on proximal 1/2, rarely trailing and leafy throughout.
Leaf: generally simple, basal and/or cauline, generally alternate, generally petioled; veins ± palmate.
Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, generally ± scapose.
Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; hypanthium free to ± fused to ovary; calyx lobes generally 5; petals generally 5, free, generally clawed, generally white; stamens 3, , 5, 8, or 10; pistils 1 ( carpels ± fused, ovary lobed, chambers 1 or 2, placentas generally 2(3), axile or parietal or occasionally proximally axile and distally marginal in ovary lobes) or 2 ( carpels free, placentas marginal), ovary nearly superior to inferior, occasionally more superior in fruit, styles generally 2(3).
Fruit: capsule (generally 2(3)-beaked, valves generally 2(3), generally equal) or 2 follicles.
Seed: generally many, small.
± 30 genera, 600 species: especially n temperate, arctic, alpine; some cultivated (Bergenia, Darmera, Heuchera, Saxifraga, Tellima, Tolmiea). [Soltis et al. 2001 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 88:669–693; Okuyama et al. 2008 Molec Phylogen Evol 46:560–575] CA Mitella moved to Mitellastra, Ozomelis, Pectiantia; Suksdorfia ranunculifolia to Hemieva. Parnassia moved to Parnassiaceae. —Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Soltis 1988 Syst Bot 13:64–72]
Key to Saxifragaceae
Rhizome scaly; bulblets 0.Key to Pectiantia
Leaf: basal (occasionally 1 cauline); blade ± ovate to round, base ± cordate, ± lobed, generally toothed.
Inflorescence: raceme or spike, ± 1-sided, blooming from base to tip; bracts generally scale-like.
Flower: hypanthium saucer-shaped, ± fused to ovary; petals pinnately lobed, not clawed; stamens 5, filaments < anthers; pistil 1, ovary generally > 1/2-inferior, chamber 1, placentas 2, parietal; styles 2, <= 0.3 mm; stigmas 2-lobed.
Fruit: capsule, becoming widely dehiscent, forming splash cup.
Seed: many, red-brown to black, shiny.
± 13 species: temperate w North America, Japan, Taiwan. (Latin: comb, from petals; opposing, for stamens opposite petals in Pectiantia pentandra)
Plant 1–4 dm.
Leaf: petiole generally glabrous; blade 1.5–8 cm wide, ovate, lobes 5–9, teeth sharp.
Inflorescence: pedicel 1–4 mm.
Flower: hypanthium 3–5 mm wide; petals green, lobes 5–10, generally opposite, linear; stamens opposite petals; stigmas unlobed or each shallowly 2-lobed, ± sessile.
2n=14. Streambanks, wet meadows; 1500–2500 m. Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, Warner Mountains;
Previous taxon: Pectiantia ovalis
Next taxon: Saxifraga
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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