Directory       News       Site Map       Home
         
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon

APIACEAE (Umbelliferae) CARROT FAMILY

Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted

Annual to perennial herb [shrub, tree], generally from taproot. Stem: generally ± scapose, generally ribbed, hollow. Leaf: basal and generally cauline, generally alternate; stipules generally 0; petiole base generally sheathing stem; blade generally much dissected, occasionally compound. Inflorescence: umbel or head, simple or compound, generally peduncled; bracts present in involucres or 0; bractlets generally present in "involucels". Flower: many, small, generally bisexual (or some staminate), generally radial (or outer bilateral); calyx 0 or lobes 5, small; petals 5, free, generally ovate or spoon-shaped, generally incurved at tips, generally ± ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-chambered, generally with a ± conic, persistent projection or platform at tip subtending 2 free styles. Fruit: 2 dry, 1-seeded halves (= mericarps), separating from each other but generally ± persistent to central axis; ribs on halves 5, 2 marginal, 3 to back; oil tubes 1–several per interval between ribs.
300 genera, 3000 species: ± worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for food or spice (e.g., Carum, caraway; Daucus; Petroselinum); Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem. is historical garden weed; some toxic (e.g., Conium). Mature fruit generally critical in identification, shape given in outline. Hydrocotyle moved to Araliaceae. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill is a waif. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Apiaceae

PASTINACA PARSNIP
Biennial, perennial herb, taprooted, ± glabrous to hairy. Stem: erect, branched. Leaf: blade oblong to triangular-ovate, 1–2-pinnate, leaflets oblong to ovate. Inflorescence: umbels compound; bracts generally 0; bractlets generally 0; rays 5–20, pedicels many, rays and pedicels spreading-ascending. Flower: calyx lobes minute; petals wide, yellow [orange], tips narrowed. Fruit: oblong to obovate, compressed front-to-back; ribs unequal, marginal narrowly winged, others thread-like; oil tube 1 per rib-interval, all equal in length; fruit axis divided to base. Seed: face flat.
± 10 species: Eurasia. (Ancient name for parsnip)

P. sativa L.
NATURALIZED
Biennial, 0.5–2 m, ± glabrous to puberulent. Stem: conspicuously angled, grooved. Leaf: petiole 1–1.5 cm; blade 1.5–3 dm, oblong to ovate, 1-pinnate, leaflets 5–11, 5–10 cm, oblong to ovate, coarsely serrate and lobed or divided. Inflorescence: peduncle 7–15 cm. Fruit: 4–6 mm wide, oblong to round.
2n=22. Roadsides, disturbed areas; < 1600 m. Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, Inner North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, Sacramento Valley, Central Coast, Transverse Ranges, Modoc Plateau; to eastern United States; native to Eurasia. Sporadic. Jul–Aug [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Pastinaca
Next taxon: Perideridia

Contact/Feedback

Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 16 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Pastinaca, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=36499, accessed on Apr 16 2014

Copyright © 2013 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.


click for enlargement Pastinaca sativa
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2006 Jeff Abbas

Bioregions in which Pastinaca sativa occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
View elevation by latitude chart Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

 

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.