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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Woody vine [shrub]; tendrils opposite leaves. Stem: generally lenticelled. Leaf: alternate, simple or compound, petioled, deciduous; stipules generally deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, generally opposite leaf, peduncled. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals generally reduced, generally fused, lobes 0 or 5; petals generally 5, free, reflexed, falling individually, or adherent at tips, ± erect, falling as unit, ± red or ± yellow; stamens generally 5, opposite petals; nectaries 0 or between stamens as ± free glands; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2(4), style 1 or 0, stigma inconspicuous or head-like. Fruit: berry. Seed: 1–6.
15 genera, ± 800 species: especially warm regions; some cultivated (Cissus, grape ivy; Parthenocissus, Virginia creeper; Vitis, grape). [Chen & Manchester 2007 Amer J Bot 94:1534–1553] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Chen, I., & Manchester, S. R. 2007. Seed morphology of modern and fossil Ampelocissus (Vitaceae) and implications for phytogeography. Amer J Bot 94:1534–1553; Moore 1991 Sida 14:339–367; Soejima, A., & Wen, J. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of the grape family (Vitaceae) based on three chloroplast markers. Amer J Bot 93:278–287.]
Key to Vitaceae
Stem: bark not peeling; stem center white, not partitioned at nodes; tendril tips generally with adhering disks. Leaf: palmately compound; leaflets 3–7, coarsely serrate. Inflorescence: cyme. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx red, lobes shallow; petals free, ± red, margins ± green; nectaries obscure or 0. Fruit: obovoid. Seed: 1–4, obovoid.
15 species: temperate, tropics. (Greek: virgin ivy) [Pringle 2010 Michigan Bot 49:73–78]
Stem: tendril branches few, tips generally without adherent disks. Leaf: leaflet adaxially glossy, glabrous, abaxially ± dull, glabrous to hairy. Inflorescence: forked at peduncle tip, again above or not. Fruit: 9–12 mm wide, dark blue to black.
2n=40. Uncommon. Hillsides, thickets, ravines, open woodland, roadsides; < 1000 m. Great Central Valley, Central Western California, Southwestern California; to Texas, northeastern United States. [Parthenocissus vitacea (Knerr) Hitchc.] In TJM (1993) treated as native to California, possibly correctly. Apr–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Parthenocissus
Next taxon: Vitis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 16 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Parthenocissus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=36346, accessed on Apr 16 2014
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