Directory       News       Site Map       Home
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon


Eric B. Wada & M. Andrew Walker, except as noted

Woody vine [shrub]; tendrils opposite leaves. Stem: generally lenticelled. Leaf: alternate, simple or compound, petioled, deciduous; stipules generally deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, generally opposite leaf, peduncled. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals generally reduced, generally fused, lobes 0 or 5; petals generally 5, free, reflexed, falling individually, or adherent at tips, ± erect, falling as unit, ± red or ± yellow; stamens generally 5, opposite petals; nectaries 0 or between stamens as ± free glands; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2(4), style 1 or 0, stigma inconspicuous or head-like. Fruit: berry. Seed: 1–6.
15 genera, ± 800 species: especially warm regions; some cultivated (Cissus, grape ivy; Parthenocissus, Virginia creeper; Vitis, grape). [Chen & Manchester 2007 Amer J Bot 94:1534–1553] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Chen, I., & Manchester, S. R. 2007. Seed morphology of modern and fossil Ampelocissus (Vitaceae) and implications for phytogeography. Amer J Bot 94:1534–1553; Moore 1991 Sida 14:339–367; Soejima, A., & Wen, J. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of the grape family (Vitaceae) based on three chloroplast markers. Amer J Bot 93:278–287.]

Key to Vitaceae


Eric B. Wada, M. Andrew Walker & Michael O. Moore

Stem: bark not peeling; stem center white, not partitioned at nodes; tendril tips generally with adhering disks. Leaf: palmately compound; leaflets 3–7, coarsely serrate. Inflorescence: cyme. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx red, lobes shallow; petals free, ± red, margins ± green; nectaries obscure or 0. Fruit: obovoid. Seed: 1–4, obovoid.
15 species: temperate, tropics. (Greek: virgin ivy) [Pringle 2010 Michigan Bot 49:73–78]

P. inserta (A. Kern.) Fritsch WOODBINE
Stem: tendril branches few, tips generally without adherent disks. Leaf: leaflet adaxially glossy, glabrous, abaxially ± dull, glabrous to hairy. Inflorescence: forked at peduncle tip, again above or not. Fruit: 9–12 mm wide, dark blue to black.
2n=40. Uncommon. Hillsides, thickets, ravines, open woodland, roadsides; < 1000 m. Great Central Valley, Central Western California, Southwestern California; to Texas, northeastern United States. [Parthenocissus vitacea (Knerr) Hitchc.] In TJM (1993) treated as native to California, possibly correctly. Apr–Jun [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Parthenocissus
Next taxon: Vitis


Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 27 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Parthenocissus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 27 2015

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Parthenocissus inserta Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records


CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.