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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Perennial from caudex or rhizome [ annual], generally glabrous, often with ± red marks on leaves, flowers when dry.
Stem: scape with generally 1 leaf-like bract [scape 0].
Leaf: simple, basal [ cauline], alternate [subopposite], generally petioled, often with ± red marks when dry; veins ± palmate.
Inflorescence: 1-flowered [ cyme].
Flower: generally bisexual, ± radial; hypanthium minute, free from ovary; calyx lobes generally 5; petals generally 5 , free, generally white; stamens generally 5, opposite sepals; staminodes generally 5, alternate stamens, lobes generally present, thread-like to oblong, gland-tipped; pistil 1, ovary superior, chamber ± 1, placentas 4 , axile below, parietal above, styles very short, stigmas 4.
Fruit: 4-valved capsule.
Seed: many, winged, netted.
2 genera, ± 70 species: n temperate, low arctic, alpine, temp South America (Lepuropetalon, Parnassia). [Zhang & Simmons 2006 Syst Bot 31:122–137] Formerly included in Saxifragaceae. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Parnassia
Leaf: basal, blade ovate to reniform, entire, base tapered to cordate.
Flower: petals white, with yellow, green or gray-brown lines.
± 70 species (Mount Parnassus, Greece)
Unabridged references: [R.B. Phillips 1980, Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ of California, Berkeley]
Leaf: 3–18 cm; blade 1–6 cm, round- ovate, base tapered to weakly cordate.
Inflorescence: 17–43 cm; bract above scape middle, ovate, base cordate, clasping.
Flower: calyx lobes 3–7 mm, elliptic, entire to minute- dentate, reflexed in fruit; petals 8–15 mm, ovate to ± elliptic, fringed basally; staminodes 3–6 mm, lobes < 15, ± equal, thread-like to linear, tips spheric; anthers 1.5–2.2 mm.
Fruit: 5–13 mm. [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Parnassia
Next taxon: Parnassia cirrata var. cirrata
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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