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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Perennial herb, subshrub; roots generally in fleshy clusters. Stem: 1–several from root crown. Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate, large, deeply, generally ternately, dissected to compound, ± fleshy; stipules 0. Inflorescence: terminal, flowers 1 or few in cluster. Flower: sepals generally 5, free, leathery, persistent in fruit; petals generally 5–10; stamens many, maturing outward; pistils 2–5, simple, thick-walled, surrounded at base by lobed disk, style ± 0. Fruit: follicles, 2–5. Seed: large, generally several per follicle, generally black, arilled.
1 genus: western United States, Eurasia, especially temperate eastern Asia.; many cultivated. [Sang et al. 1997 Amer J Bot 84:1120–1136] Disk evidently not nectar-secreting. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Tamura, M. N. 2006. Paeoniaceae. Pp. 265–269, in Kubitzki, K. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Volume IX. Flowering Plants. Eudicots. Berberidopsidales, Buxales, Crossosomatales. Springer, Berlin.; Sang, T., Crawford, D. J., & Stuessy, T. F. 1997. Chloroplast DNA phylogeny, reticulate evolution, and biogeography of Paeonia (Paeoniaceae). American J. Bot. 84: 1120–1136]
Key to Paeonia
± 30 species: Eurasia, 2 species in western United States. (Greek: Paeon, physician to the gods)
Stem: generally branched. Leaf: 1° divisions 3–9 cm, 1–6 cm wide; ultimate segments ± wide-linear or oblong, bases ± or not tapered. Flower: petals 15–25 mm; filaments 5–8 mm, anthers 3–7 mm. Fruit: 3–4 cm. Seed: ± 16 mm.
n=5. Chaparral, coastal scrub; < 1500 m. s Central Coast, South Coast Ranges, South Coast, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges; Baja California. Jan–May [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Paeonia brownii
Next taxon: Papaveraceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Aug 29 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Paeonia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=35855, accessed on Aug 29 2015
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© 2004 Michelle Cloud-Hughes
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Paeonia californica|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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