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Fosiée Tahbaz

Perennial herb, subshrub; roots generally in fleshy clusters. Stem: 1–several from root crown. Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate, large, deeply, generally ternately, dissected to compound, ± fleshy; stipules 0. Inflorescence: terminal, flowers 1 or few in cluster. Flower: sepals generally 5, free, leathery, persistent in fruit; petals generally 5–10; stamens many, maturing outward; pistils 2–5, simple, thick-walled, surrounded at base by lobed disk, style ± 0. Fruit: follicles, 2–5. Seed: large, generally several per follicle, generally black, arilled.
1 genus: western United States, Eurasia, especially temperate eastern Asia.; many cultivated. [Sang et al. 1997 Amer J Bot 84:1120–1136] Disk evidently not nectar-secreting. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Tamura, M. N. 2006. Paeoniaceae. Pp. 265–269, in Kubitzki, K. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Volume IX. Flowering Plants. Eudicots. Berberidopsidales, Buxales, Crossosomatales. Springer, Berlin.; Sang, T., Crawford, D. J., & Stuessy, T. F. 1997. Chloroplast DNA phylogeny, reticulate evolution, and biogeography of Paeonia (Paeoniaceae). American J. Bot. 84: 1120–1136]


± 30 species: Eurasia, 2 species in western United States. (Greek: Paeon, physician to the gods)

Key to Paeonia

P. brownii Douglas
Stem: generally simple. Leaf: 1° divisions 3–6 cm, 2–5 cm wide; ultimate segments ± elliptic, bases tapered. Flower: petals 8–13 mm; filaments 3–5 mm, anthers 2–4 mm. Fruit: 2–4 cm. Seed: ± 11 mm.
n=5. Open, dry pine forest, scrub; 200–3000 m. Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, n&n-c Sierra Nevada, se San Francisco Bay Area (Mount Hamilton), Modoc Plateau, n East of Sierra Nevada; to Washington, Wyoming, Nevada. Apr–Jun [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Paeonia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015

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click for enlargement Paeonia brownii
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Robert Potts 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Paeonia brownii Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.