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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: bark often peeling distinctively. Leaf: simple or 0, generally cauline, alternate, opposite (whorled), evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted; pedicel often with 2 bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, bell-shaped, cylindric, or urn-shaped; sepals generally (0)4–5, generally free; petals generally (0)4–5, free or fused; stamens (2–5)8–10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers dehiscing by pores or slits, awns 0 or 2(4), seemingly abaxial, reduced or elongate, generally curved; nectary generally present at ovary base, generally disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1–5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1–many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry. Seed: generally many, winged or not.
± 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium. [Kron et al. 2002 Bot Rev 68:335–423] Monophyletic only if Empetraceae included, as treated here. Ledum included in Rhododendron. Non-green plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates. —Scientific Editors: Gary D. Wallace, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Ericaceae
1 sp. (Greek: straight spiral, from 1-sided raceme) Once placed in Pyrola.
Unabridged references: [Haber & Cruise 1974 Canad J Bot 52:877–883]
Perennial herb, ± shrubby or not, < 20 cm, evergreen, rhizomed. Leaf: ± cauline, generally near base, 1.5–6 cm, ovate-elliptic, leathery or not, entire to finely crenate, petioled. Inflorescence: raceme, elongate, 1-sided, arched, ± erect in fruit; peduncle densely papillate; bracts several, generally lanceolate. Flower: radial, ± closed, parts in 5s, free; petals with 2 basal tubercles adaxially, ± green to cream-white; stamens 10, filaments ± narrow throughout, glabrous, anther pores not on tubes; nectary present; ovary superior, style straight, exserted, stigma peltate, lobes 5, shallow, domed. Fruit: capsule, pendent; valves opening base to tip, margins fibrous.
2n=38. Dry, shady, conifer forests; 1000–3200 m. Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, s High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains, San Jacinto Mountains, Modoc Plateau, East of Sierra Nevada (except White and Inyo Mountains); circumboreal, subarctic, North America, Central America, Eurasia. [Pyrola secunda L.] Jul–Sep [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Orthilia
Next taxon: Phyllodoce
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 26 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Orthilia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=35496, accessed on Nov 26 2015
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© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Orthilia secunda|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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