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Dale W. McNeal, except as noted

Perennial herb to shrub, rhizomed or not. Stem: leafy or scapose. Leaf: 2–15, basal or cauline, cauline clasping or sheathing, petioled [or reduced to scales, with short branches flattened, green, appearing leaf-like]. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary, panicle or raceme. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, generally white (± pink); perianth parts 4 or 6, fused or not, erect, nodding or pendent; stamens (4)6, ± fused to perianth, anthers attached near base; ovary superior, chambers 2–3, style 1, stigma ± 3-lobed. Fruit: berry, spheric, red, orange-red, or blue-black, or capsule, papery. Seed: 1–12.
26 genera, 475 species: northern hemisphere, South Africa, northern Australia; species in several genera cultivated as ornamental, house plants. Smilacina moved to Maianthemum. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Ruscaceae


Dale W. McNeal & James C. Dice

Stem: thick, woody or ± below ground. Leaf: rosettes 6–20 dm, stiff, sword-like, base much expanded, white, fleshy. Inflorescence: panicle or raceme-like, scapose, bracted, < 4 m. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, < 6 mm, ± white; stamens 6, filaments slender; pistil reduced in staminate flowers, pistillate flowers with staminodes; ovary superior, 3-chambered, style and 3 stigmas short, ovules 2 per chamber. Fruit: capsule, papery. Seed: 1–3 per fruit, ovoid.
± 30 species: southern United States, Mexico. (P.C. Nolin, French agriculturist, b. 1717) [Hess 2003 FNANM 26:415–421] Leaf widths taken just above expanded leaf base.
Unabridged references: [Munz & Roos 1950 Aliso 2:217–238]

Key to Nolina

N. parryi S. Watson
Stem: 3–21 dm, generally aboveground, erect, branches 0–several. Leaf: 65–200 per rosette, 20–40 mm wide, generally green, base 5–16.5 cm wide, margin minute-serrate. Inflorescence: 1.4–3.8 m; scape 26–90 mm diam at base; bracts persistent. Seed: 3–4 mm, red-brown.
n=19,20. Pinyon/juniper woodland, rocky desert slopes; 900–2100 m. s Sierra Nevada Foothills, s High Sierra Nevada (Kern Plateau), e San Bernardino Mountains, e Peninsular Ranges, Desert. [Nolina parryi subsp. wolfii Munz] May–Jun [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 28 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Nolina, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 28 2015

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click for enlargement Nolina parryi
See CalPhotos for additional images
2007 Neal Kramer

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Nolina parryi Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.