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Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2–5-chambered.
75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC. [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum. Koeltz Scientific Books] Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum: The Genera of Solanaceae Illustrated, Arranged According to a New System by A.T. Hunziker. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany]
Key to Solanaceae
Annual to small tree. Leaf: ± basal or not; margin entire, ± wavy or not. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, terminal; lower bracts leaf-like. Flower: calyx 5-lobed, ± enlarging, not fully enclosing fruit; corolla generally radial, generally funnel-shaped to salverform; stamens 5, equal or 1 smaller. Fruit: septicidal capsule. Seed: many, minute, angled.Key to Nicotiana
± 60 species: generally America; Nicotiana tabacum L. widely cultivated, tobacco of commerce. (J. Nicot, said to have introduced tobacco to Eur, 1530–1600) Seriously TOXIC to livestock.
Unabridged references: [Goodspeed 1954 Chron Bot 16:1–536]
Perennial herb 1–1.5 dm, glandular-puberulent. Leaf: 5–30 cm; basal, lower cauline generally elliptic, tapered to winged petiole; upper ± clasping. Inflorescence: bracts < 40 mm, linear to lanceolate. Flower: calyx 8–15 mm, lobes < tube, ± equal, triangular; corolla narrowly funnel-shaped, white to cream, tube + throat 50–75 mm, limb 15–20 mm wide; stamens unequal, attached below tube middle. Fruit: 12–16 mm.
Open, disturbed areas, fields; < 200 m. n Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area; native to South America.
Unabridged note: Plants with long-tapered sepal lobes ± = tube are Nicotiana alata Link & Otto, cultivated for ornamental, waif in fields but evidently not collected in California since 1960.
Jul–Oct [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Nicotiana quadrivalvis
Next taxon: Oryctes
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 28 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Nicotiana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=34655, accessed on Jul 28 2014
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