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Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1–many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). [Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55–91] Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Polemoniaceae
Annual, generally prickly. Stem: prostrate to generally erect; branches ascending or spreading; glabrous to generally hairy, often glandular. Leaf: simple, alternate (lowermost opposite), entire to generally deeply pinnate-lobed. Inflorescence: generally head-like, bracts pinnate- to palmate-toothed or -lobed, spine-tipped (flower 1–2, pedicels elongate, bracts entire, not spine-tipped). Flower: calyx lobes 4–5, equal, entire or toothed, or unequal, spine-tipped; corolla lobes 4–5; stigmas 2 or 3. Fruit: generally ovoid, chambers 1–3; dehiscing when wetted, seeds adherent to fruit and each other, or generally dehiscing at maturity, seeds free. Seed: 1–many per fruit, brown, gelatinous when wet.Key to Navarretia
± 40 species: western North America, Argentina, Chile. (F.F. Navarrete, Spanish physician, ?–1742) [Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55–91] Revised taxonomy, too late for full treatment in TJM2, includes Navarretia linearifolia (Howell) L.A. Johnson subsp. linearifolia, a ± cryptic segregate of Navarretia sinistra, and Navarretia linearifolia subsp. pinnatisecta (H. Mason & A.D. Grant) L.A. Johnson [Navarretia sinistra subsp. pinnatisecta] (Johnson & Cairns-Heath 2010 Syst Bot 35:618–628); Navarretia paradoxinota and Navarretia paradoxiclara, both new to science, and Navarretia propinqua [Navarretia intertexta subsp. propinqua] (Johnson et al. 2013 Phytotaxa 91:27–38). Relative positions of flower parts are as pressed, unless stated otherwise.
Unabridged references: [Porter 1996 Aliso 15:57–77; Spencer & Porter 1997 Syst Bot 22:649–668]
Plant erect, 1° axis generally 1. Stem: 7–18 cm, branches along stem, ascending, slender; glandular-puberulent. Leaf: 1–3 cm, 1-pinnate-lobed near base; axis, lobes narrow, tapered; lobes 0 or 2–6, terminal ± = to >> lobed part of leaf. Inflorescence: bracts gland-dotted, pinnate-lobed near base, base wide, concave; outer bracts leaf-like. Flower: calyx 3–4 mm; corolla 5–7 mm, bright purple, tube thread-like, exserted, lobes 1–2 mm, narrowly ovate; stamens attached in lower throat; stamens, style exserted; stigmas 2, minute. Fruit: 2–4-valved, dehiscing tip to base.
Open areas, chaparral, woodland, gravel, clay; 300–1200 m. Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Modoc Plateau. Jun–Jul [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: Expanded author citation: Navarretia filicaulis (Torr. ex A. Gray) Greene
Previous taxon: Navarretia eriocephala
Next taxon: Navarretia fossalis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Navarretia, Revision 1, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=34449, accessed on Apr 20 2014
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© 2002 Steve Tyron
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