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AMARYLLIDACEAE AMARYLLIS FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal

Perennial herb, generally from bulb, coat membranous. Stem: erect, generally cylindric, solid. Leaf: basal, sessile. Inflorescence: scapose, umbel-like or 1-flowered; bracts generally 2(8), conspicuous, ± fused. Flower: perianth often with a conspicuous, ± tubular crown, parts 6, in 2 whorls, petal-like, [free to] ± fused, radial or not; stamens 6, ± fused to perianth, ± united, anthers attached at base; ovary inferior, chambers 3, each many-ovuled, style 1, stigmas 1 or 3. Fruit: generally capsule, dry, loculicidal, or fleshy berry.
± 60 genera, 800 species. [Meerow & Snijman 2006 Aliso 22:355–366] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Amaryllidaceae

NARCISSUS
Bulb ovoid. Leaf: (1)several, ± linear, flat. Inflorescence: umbel-like, 1–20-flowered; bract 1, membranous or ± papery. Flower: pedicelled or not, generally fragrant; perianth parts fused below, reflexed to erect above, crown a conspicuous tube; stamens free from, generally included in crown; style 1, stigma minutely 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal, papery to leathery. Seed: many, black.
± 26 species: Europe, northern Africa, Asia. (Greek: mythological youth) Extreme variation in perianth color from long history of cultivation; only most common colors indicated here. Plants with perianth parts, crown generally white belong to Narcissus papyraceus Ker Gawl., reported (but evidently not documented) for California in FNANM, similar to, possibly same sp. as, Narcissus tazetta.
Unabridged etymology: (Greek: mythological youth who falls in love with his own reflection and is changed into a flower)

Key to Narcissus

N. tazetta L. PAPER WHITE
NATURALIZED
Bulb 4–6 cm, 3–5 cm wide, coats pale to dark brown. Stem: 25–23 cm. Leaf: 4, 20–45 cm, flat, glaucous. Inflorescence: bract 4–6 cm, pale brown, papery. Flower: very fragrant; perianth 2–4 cm wide, tube 1.5–2 cm, gradually tapered to base, parts spreading to reflexed, linear-ovate to oblanceolate, acute, generally white to cream, crown 5–10 mm wide, crenate to ruffled, generally yellow.
Disturbed places, former home sites; < 600 m. San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast, n Channel Islands, Western Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges; Iran, widely naturalized elsewhere. Highly polymorphic, cultivated for centuries. Spring [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Narcissus pseudonarcissus
Next taxon: Pancratium

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 26 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Narcissus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=34404, accessed on Nov 26 2014

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Narcissus tazetta Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.