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Perennial herb, generally from bulb, coat membranous. Stem: erect, generally cylindric, solid. Leaf: basal, sessile. Inflorescence: scapose, umbel-like or 1-flowered; bracts generally 2(8), conspicuous, ± fused. Flower: perianth often with a conspicuous, ± tubular crown, parts 6, in 2 whorls, petal-like, [free to] ± fused, radial or not; stamens 6, ± fused to perianth, ± united, anthers attached at base; ovary inferior, chambers 3, each many-ovuled, style 1, stigmas 1 or 3. Fruit: generally capsule, dry, loculicidal, or fleshy berry.
± 60 genera, 800 species. [Meerow & Snijman 2006 Aliso 22:355–366] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Amaryllidaceae
Bulb ovoid. Leaf: (1)several, ± linear, flat. Inflorescence: umbel-like, 1–20-flowered; bract 1, membranous or ± papery. Flower: pedicelled or not, generally fragrant; perianth parts fused below, reflexed to erect above, crown a conspicuous tube; stamens free from, generally included in crown; style 1, stigma minutely 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal, papery to leathery. Seed: many, black.Key to Narcissus
± 26 species: Europe, northern Africa, Asia. (Greek: mythological youth) Extreme variation in perianth color from long history of cultivation; only most common colors indicated here. Plants with perianth parts, crown generally white belong to Narcissus papyraceus Ker Gawl., reported (but evidently not documented) for California in FNANM, similar to, possibly same sp. as, Narcissus tazetta.
Unabridged etymology: (Greek: mythological youth who falls in love with his own reflection and is changed into a flower)
Bulb 2–5 cm, 3–4 cm wide, coats pale brown. Stem: 25–50 cm. Leaf: 4, 20–45 cm, flat, glaucous. Inflorescence: bract 2–3 cm, pale brown, papery. Flower: fragrant; perianth 5–7 cm wide, tube 1.5–2 cm, abruptly tapered to base, parts erect to spreading, often twisted, oblanceolate, yellow, acute, crown 1–1.5 cm wide, yellow, ruffled.
Disturbed places; < 350 m. Inner North Coast Ranges, Sacramento Valley, Central Coast; to Washington, eastern United States; Europe, western Asia, northern Africa. Highly variable, long cultivated. Spring [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Narcissus
Next taxon: Narcissus tazetta
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 28 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Narcissus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=34403, accessed on Apr 28 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Narcissus pseudonarcissus|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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