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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub, or non-green root parasite, generally bristly or sharp-hairy.
Stem: prostrate to erect.
Leaf: cauline, often with basal rosette, simple or compound, generally alternate.
Inflorescence: cymes, generally elongate, panicle-, raceme-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally uncoiled in fruit, or heads, spikes, or panicles, or flowers 1–2 per axil.
Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla generally (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, appendages 0 or 5 at top of tube, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched.
Fruit: nutlets 1–4, free ( fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not, or valvate or circumscissile capsule.
± 120 genera, ± 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially w North America, Medit; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum). Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. [Olmsted et al. 2000 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. —Scientific Editors: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Boraginaceae
Annual to perennial herb, glabrous to rough-hairy; roots generally fibrous.Key to Myosotis
Stem: decumbent to erect.
Leaf: basal generally oblong or oblanceolate; cauline generally linear to elliptic.
Inflorescence: generally raceme-like cymes, coiled, in age ± open; bracts 0 ( leaf-like).
Flower: calyx lobes 5, tube hairs appressed to spreading, hooked at tip or not; corolla salverform or wide- funnel-shaped, generally blue, white, or yellow, appendages prominent or not; stamens included; style generally included.
Fruit: nutlets generally 4, ± lens-shaped, smooth, shiny, each with raised outer margin, attachment scar adaxially, at base, small.
50 species: temperate, boreal. (Greek: mouse ear, from leaf) Myosotis arvensis (L.) Hill reported from Orange Co., 1938, not persisting.
Unabridged references: [Grau 1964 Osterr Bot Zeitschr 111:561–617]
Annual, occasionally biennial, puberulent to rough-hairy; roots fibrous.
Stem: 1–5 dm, slender, branched or not.
Leaf: sparse, generally 1–4 cm, 2–8 mm wide, abaxial hairs not hooked at tip; basal oblanceolate; cauline ± linear to oblong.
Inflorescence: flowers ± in upper 1/2 of plant; bracts 0 (or 1–2 near base); pedicel in fruit < calyx.
Flower: calyx 3–5 mm, tube hairs spreading, hooked at tips, also strigose or puberulent-strigose; corolla generally 1–3 mm diam, wide- funnel-shaped, yellow turning blue, appendages prominent, yellow turning red.
Fruit: nutlets generally <= style, dark brown or ± black.
2n=64. Roadsides, moist ground, wet meadows; < 1650 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada, c Sierra Nevada Foothills, Sacramento Valley, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, Peninsular Ranges, Modoc Plateau;
Previous taxon: Myosotis
Next taxon: Myosotis latifolia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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