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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted

Annual to tree, generally glandular, some ± aquatic. Stem: round to square in ×-section. Leaf: simple, generally alternate, generally ± entire; stipules generally 0 (present in Limosella). Inflorescence: spike to panicle (head-like), generally bracted, or flowers 1–4 in axils. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx lobes 4–5; corolla bilateral to radial, lobes 4–5; stamens epipetalous, 4–5, 5th a staminode in Scrophularia; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2. Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal, or drupe-like.
± 65 genera, 1700 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (Verbascum). [Olmstead et al. 2001 Amer J Bot 88:348–361] Other taxa moved to Plantaginaceae (Antirrhinum, Bacopa, Collinsia, Cymbalaria, Digitalis, Dopatrium, Gambelia, Gratiola, Hebe, Holmgrenanthe, Keckiella, Kickxia, Limnophila, Linaria, Lindernia, Maurandella, Mohavea, Nothochelone, Penstemon, Pseudorontium, Stemodia, Synthyris, Tonella, Veronica), Orobanchaceae (Bellardia, Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Parentucellia, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Mimulus). —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Albach et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92:297–315]

Key to Scrophulariaceae


Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock

Erect [prostrate] shrub, tree; glabrous. Leaf: alternate [opposite], evergreen, petioled [sessile], entire or toothed, with conspicuous, embedded, generally translucent glands. Inflorescence: axillary clusters [or 1]. Flower: bisexual, radial [to bilateral]; calyx 5-lobed, lobes ± equal; corolla lobes equal [distal < proximal]; stamens 4 [5–8], anthers generally exserted; ovary [2]4-chambered, ovules 1–2 per chamber, style 1, stigmas 1–2. Fruit: indehiscent, dry to drupe-like.
± 30 species: especially Australia. (Greek: from glandular pores on leaves) [Chinnock 2007 Myoporaceae. Rosenberg Publishing] Myoporum acuminatum R. Br., Myoporum parvifolium R. Br. reported in San Diego Co., cultivated, doubtfully naturalized. Treated in Myoporaceae in TJM (1993).

M. laetum G. Forst. MYOPORUM, NGAIO TREE
Plant 3–10 m, much-branched, broadly spreading; twig tips, young leaves ± bronze-green, sticky. Leaf: < 10 cm, generally lanceolate, finely serrate distally, bright green, ± fleshy. Inflorescence: flowers 2–4 per axil. Flower: corolla ± 10 mm diam, ± bell-shaped, white, purple-spotted, tube 3.5–4.5 mm, lobes 4–5.5 mm, glabrous abaxially, long-hairy adaxially. Fruit: 5–10 mm, ovoid, fleshy, pale to dark red-purple. Seed: 1 per chamber, 3–3.5 mm, oblong.
Open areas in grassland, scrub, riparian habitats, generally coastal; < 460 m. Central Coast, South Coast, Channel Islands, reported from North Coast (Sonoma Co.); native to New Zealand. TOXIC: leaves, fruits may be fatal to livestock. Commonly cultivated near coast. Early spring {Weed listed by Cal-IPC} [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Myoporum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015

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click for enlargement Myoporum laetum
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2008 Neal Kramer

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Myoporum laetum Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.