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THEMIDACEAE BRODIAEA FAMILY

J. Chris Pires, except as noted

Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1–10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2–4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or ± fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2–several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
10–11 genera, 60–70 species: western North America. [Pires & Sytsma 2002 Amer J Bot 89:1342–1359] —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Themidaceae

MUILLA
Leaf: 1–10, basal, linear. Inflorescence: scape 3–50 cm; bracts several, papery, acuminate; pedicels slender, not jointed, erect. Flower: perianth parts ± free at base, not forming obvious tube, lobes spreading, generally equal, lanceolate or oblong, white to green-white or ± blue; stamens 6, filaments thread-like to dilated, occasionally overlapped or fused but not forming cup, anthers attached at middle; style short, club-shaped, persistent, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: ± spheric, 3-angled. Seed: irregularly angled, black.
3 species: southwestern United States, northern Mexico. (Anagram of Allium, from superficial resemblance) [Shevock 1984 Aliso 10:621–627] Muilla clevelandii moved to Bloomeria.
Unabridged references: [Ingram 1953 Madroño 12:19–27; Lenz 1975 Aliso 8:259–262]

Key to Muilla

M. maritima (Torr.) S. Watson COMMON MUILLA
NATIVE
Leaf: 3–10, 10–60 cm. Inflorescence: scape 10–50 cm; pedicels 10–50 mm; flowers 4–70. Flower: perianth lobes 3–6 mm, green-white, midveins ± brown; stamens 2–5 mm, filaments thread-like or wider at base but not dilated, anthers green, blue, or purple. Fruit: 5–8 mm.
n=7,8,10. Coastal scrub, grassland, woodland, valleys; < 2300 m. North Coast Ranges, Great Central Valley, Central Western California, Southwestern California (except Channel Islands), w Desert; Baja California. Mar–Jun [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: JEPS17645, UC119714, UC565350, if verified, would voucher central Sierra Nevada Foothills. POM291274, if verified, would voucher southern Sierra Nevada Foothills, JEPS91192 and UC1561103, if verified, would voucher Tehachapi Mountain Area.

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Next taxon: Muilla transmontana

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 18 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Muilla, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=34146, accessed on Dec 18 2014

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click for enlargement Muilla maritima
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2004 Carol W. Witham

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Muilla maritima Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.