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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to perennial herb; generally fleshy. Stem: 1–many, generally glabrous. Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite. Inflorescence: axillary or terminal; cyme, raceme, panicle, umbel, or flower 1. Flower: bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(9), free; petals (1)2–19, free or ± fused; stamens 1–many, epipetalous or not, anthers pink, rose, or yellow; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules 1–many, placenta basal or free-central; styles (0)1–8, generally fused at base, branched. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 2–3-valved. Seed: 1–many, shiny or ± pebbly or sculptured, black or gray, generally with oil-filled appendage as food for ants.
± 22 genera, ± 230 species: generally temperate America, Asia, Australia, Europe, Kerguelen Is, New Zealand, southern Africa, poorly represented in Europe; some cultivated (Lewisia, Calandrinia). [Ogburn & Edwards 2009 Amer J Bot 96:391–408] Details of flowers, seeds require 20× magnification. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Applequist et al. 2006 Syst Bot 31:310–319; Nyffeler et al. 2008 Haseltonia 14: 26–36]
Unabridged note: May include Hectorellaceae.
Key to Montiaceae
Annual, perennial herb, glabrous, ± fleshy, ± aquatic or not, matted or not. Leaf: cauline > 2, alternate or opposite, free, entire. Inflorescence: raceme, 1-sided; lowest flower generally bracted; pedicel recurved, erect in fruit. Flower: petals (3)5, equal or 2 larger, white to pink; stamens (3)5, epipetalous; ovary chamber 1, placentas basal, style 1, stigmas 3. Fruit: valves 3, margins rolled in, forcibly expelling seeds. Seed: 1–3, generally black, smooth to tubercled, appendaged or not.Key to Montia
12 species: Worldwide. (Giuseppe Monti, Italian botanist, 1682–1760) [Heenan 2007 New Zealand J Bot 45:437–439] Sometimes divided into 9 genera.
Unabridged references: [Miller 2003 FNANM 4:485–488; Moore 1963 Bot Not 116:16–30]
Perennial herb 5–40 cm; stolon branched, matted, creeping, tips in age erect, densely leafy. Leaf: basal 15–60 mm, narrowly oblanceolate to widely ovate, often sessile, fleshy; leaves of stolons alternate, smaller, much reduced distally on stem, axils generally with easily detached bulblets. Inflorescence: terminal; 1+ flowers bracted; flowers 2–12. Flower: sepals 2–3.5 mm, obovate, obtuse; petals 7–15 mm, equal, pink or white; stamens 5. Fruit: 2–3 mm. Seed: 1–1.5 mm, generally ± smooth (or minute-netted); appendage 0 to << 0.2 mm.
2n=22,44. Moist, rocky slopes, cliffs, creek banks, forest; < 2600 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area; to Alaska, Montana, Utah. Highly variable; reproduces by bulblets as well as seeds. May–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Montia linearis
Next taxon: Moraceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 29 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Montia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=34001, accessed on Jul 29 2014
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© 2005 Norman Jensen
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