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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to perennial herb; generally fleshy.
Stem: 1–many, generally glabrous.
Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite.
Inflorescence: axillary or terminal; cyme, raceme, panicle, umbel, or flower 1.
Flower: bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(9), free; petals (1)2–19, free or ± fused; stamens 1–many, epipetalous or not, anthers pink, rose, or yellow; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules 1–many, placenta basal or free-central; styles (0)1–8, generally fused at base, branched.
Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 2–3-valved.
Seed: 1–many, shiny or ± pebbly or sculptured, black or gray, generally with oil-filled appendage as food for ants.
± 22 genera, ± 230 species: generally temperate America, Asia, Australia, Eur, Kerguelen Is, New Zealand, s Africa, poorly represented in Eur; some cultivated (Lewisia, Calandrinia). [Ogburn & Edwards 2009 Amer J Bot 96:391–408] Details of flowers, seeds require 20× magnification. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Applequist et al. 2006 Syst Bot 31:310–319; Nyffeler et al. 2008 Haseltonia 14: 26–36]
Unabridged note: May include Hectorellaceae.
Key to Montiaceae
Annual, perennial herb, glabrous, ± fleshy, ± aquatic or not, matted or not.Key to Montia
Leaf: cauline > 2, alternate or opposite, free, entire.
Inflorescence: raceme, 1-sided; lowest flower generally bracted; pedicel recurved, erect in fruit.
Flower: petals (3)5, equal or 2 larger, white to pink; stamens (3)5, epipetalous; ovary chamber 1, placentas basal, style 1, stigmas 3.
Fruit: valves 3, margins rolled in, forcibly expelling seeds.
Seed: 1–3, generally black, smooth to tubercled, appendaged or not.
12 species: Worldwide. (Giuseppe Monti, Italian botanist, 1682–1760) [Heenan 2007 New Zealand J Bot 45:437–439] Sometimes divided into 9 genera.
Unabridged references: [Miller 2003 FNANM 4:485–488; Moore 1963 Bot Not 116:16–30]
Annual 1–30 cm, prostrate to erect, floating or not, often tufted or matted, rooting at lower nodes.
Leaf: opposite, ± sessile, 3–20 mm, linear to widely oblanceolate, base tapered, tip acute to obtuse.
Inflorescence: many, some axillary; flowers 1–8, lowest 1–2-bracted.
Flower: often cleistogamous; sepals 1–2 mm, round; petals 1–2 mm, ± unequal, white; stamens 3.
Fruit: 1–2 mm.
Seed: 0.5–1.2 mm, generally ± rough with acute tubercles; appendage round or flat.
2n=20,40. Common. Ponds, streams, vernal pools, seeps; < 3200 m. California Floristic Province, Great Basin Floristic Province;
Previous taxon: Montia diffusa
Next taxon: Montia howellii
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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