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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub; hairs simple, stellate or glandular; plants generally scaly, mealy, or powdery from collapsed glands; generally monoecious.
Stem: occasionally fleshy.
Leaf: blade simple, generally alternate, occasionally fleshy or reduced to scales, veins pinnate; stipules 0.
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, spheric heads, or flowers 1; bracts 0–5, herbaceous, generally persistent or strongly modified in fruit, wings, tubercles or spines present or 0.
Flower: bisexual or unisexual, small, green; calyx parts (1)3–5, or 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused basally, leaf-like in texture, membranous or fleshy, deciduous or not, generally strongly modified in fruit; corolla 0; stamens 1–5, opposite to calyx parts, filaments free, equal; anthers 4-chambered; ovary superior (1/2-inferior), chamber 1; ovule 1; styles, stigmas 1–4.
Fruit: achene or utricle, generally with persistent calyx or bracts.
Seed: 1, small, lenticular to spheric; seed coat smooth to finely dotted, warty, net-like, or prickly, margin occasionally winged.
100 genera, 1500 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, beet, Swiss chard; Spinacia oleracea L., spinach; Chenopodium quinoa Willd., quinoa); and some worldwide, naturalized ruderal or noxious agricultural weeds. Nitrophila treated in Amaranthaceae, Sarcobatus treated in Sarcobataceae. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Chenopodiaceae
Annual, generally glabrous, generally powdery when young.Key to Monolepis
Stem: prostrate to ascending, simple or branched from base, not branched distally, ultimate branches not thread-like.
Leaf: generally reduced distally on stem, ± lanceolate to oblanceolate or spoon-shaped, generally entire, tip obtuse to rounded.
Inflorescence: clusters generally axillary, 4–15-flowered; bracts leaf-like.
Flower: bisexual or pistillate; sepals (0)1–3, ± green; stamens 0–1(2); stigmas 2, fused at base.
Fruit: ± flattened; wall pitted to tubercled, free from seed or not.
Seed: generally vertical, lenticular, smooth, brown to black.
5 species: temperate w North America, South America, c&ne Asia. (Greek: 1 scale, from sepal number in most species) [Holmgren 2003 FNANM 4:300–301] Monolepis pusilla moved to Micromonolepis.
Plant 5–50 cm, powdery, glabrous in age.
Stem: prostrate to ascending.
Leaf: 10–30(40) mm, ± lanceolate, fleshy, proximal 2-toothed to hastate near base, distal leaves ± entire.
Inflorescence: flowers 5–15+ per cluster.
Flower: sepal 1, 1 mm, oblanceolate to obovate, membranous; stamen 1.
Fruit: 1.1–1.5 mm; wall minutely pitted, adherent to seed.
n=9. Generally moist, ± alkaline clay soils in disturbed areas; < 3700 m. California (except Northwestern California);
Previous taxon: Monolepis
Next taxon: Monolepis spathulata
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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