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MOLLUGINACEAE CARPET-WEED FAMILY

Michael A. Vincent & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.

Annual [perennial herb, shrub], glabrous or hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: simple, generally basal and cauline, alternate, opposite, or whorled, entire, (fleshy), petioled [not]; stipules 0 or small, deciduous. Inflorescence: axillary or terminal cyme [umbel] or flowers 1; flowers pedicelled or not. Flower: generally bisexual, small, radial; sepals 4–5, free or fused, persistent; corolla 0 or small (= staminodes); stamens 2–25, free or fused basally, on hypanthium, alternate sepals, petal-like or not; nectary a ring; ovary superior, chambers [1]3–5[10], placentas generally axile, styles [0]1 or 3–5, generally free. Fruit: 3–5-valved capsule [achene]. Seed: 1 or more per chamber, reniform to lenticular, arilled or not.
14 genera, 125 species: generally tropics, subtropics, especially Africa. [Boetsch 2002 Castanea 67:42–53] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Boetsch, J. R. 2002. The Aizoaceae and Molluginaceae of the southeastern United States. Castanea 67: 42–53.]

Key to Molluginaceae

MOLLUGO CARPET-WEED
Annual [perennial herb], glabrous. Stem: prostrate to erect, slender, branched from base. Leaf: generally whorled, linear to oblanceolate; stipules ± 0. Inflorescence: axillary, terminal, cyme, umbel [flowers 1]; pedicel 3–30 mm. Flower: sepals 5, free, margins ± scarious; petals 0; stamens 3–5, fused basally; styles 3–5, linear. Fruit: 3-valved, included in calyx. Seed: many, reniform, smooth, ridged, or finely net-sculptured; aril 0.
35 species: tropics, subtropics. (Greek: soft or pliant) Worldwide revision of genus needed.

Key to Mollugo

M. cerviana (L.) Ser.
NATURALIZED
Annual, glabrous, glaucous. Stem: 3–20 cm. Leaf: in whorls of 4–10[12], 3–15 mm. Inflorescence: flowers 3–4. Flower: sepals 1–1.5 mm, elliptic to ovate; stamens 1 mm; stigmas 3, sessile. Fruit: ± spheric. Seed: brown.
2n=18. Uncommon. Seasonal pools, sandy washes, flats, slopes; < 1700 m. San Jacinto Mountains, Desert; to Texas, Mexico, tropics; native to Old World. Sep–Mar [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 23 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Mollugo, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33880, accessed on Oct 23 2014

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click for enlargement Mollugo cerviana
See CalPhotos for additional images
2005 James M. Andre

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Mollugo cerviana Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.