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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub. Stem: ×-section generally round. Leaf: opposite, simple, entire or toothed; stipules 0. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, or panicle, bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx radial or ± bilateral, tube long, generally ribbed, lobes 5; corolla generally bilateral, generally 2-lipped, upper 2-lobed, lower 3-lobed; stamens 4 in 2 pairs, epipetalous, included or exserted; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 1–2, placentas parietal or axile, style 1, stigma lobes 2, flat, folding together when touched. Fruit: generally capsule, generally ellipsoid, loculicidal [indehiscent, 1-seeded].
± 15 genera, 230 species: ± worldwide, many habitats; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Mimulus, Mazus). Formerly included in Scrophulariaceae. [Beardsley & Olmstead 2002 Amer J Bot 89:1093–1102] Family description by David J. Keil. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Glabrous to hairy. Stem: generally erect. Leaf: opposite, generally ± sessile, generally toothed or entire, generally green or ± red. Inflorescence: raceme, bracted, or flowers generally 2 per axil. Flower: occasionally cleistogamous; calyx generally green, lobes 5, generally << tube, generally unequal; corolla generally deciduous, white to red, maroon, purple, gold, or yellow, lower lip base occasionally swollen, ± closing mouth, tube-throat floor generally with 2 longitudinal folds; anther sacs spreading; placentas 2, axile or parietal; stigma lobes generally flat, generally included. Fruit: generally ovoid to fusiform, generally upcurved if elongate, generally ± fragile, loculicidal near tip (hard, indehiscent), chambers 1–2. Seed: many, generally < 1 mm, ovoid, ± yellow to dark brown.Key to Mimulus
± 100 species: North America, Chile, eastern Asia, southern Africa, New Zealand, Australia. (Latin: little mime or comic actor, from face-like corolla of some species) [Thompson 2005 Syst Bot Monogr 75:1–213] Limb width measured between most distant points across corolla face.
Perennial herb, rhizomed, ± glabrous to densely slimy-hairy, generally musk-scented. Stem: 5–30 cm, prostrate to ascending. Leaf: petiole 0–15 mm; blade 10–60 mm, oblong to ovate, pinnately ± 5-veined. Flower: pedicel 10–50 mm; calyx 8–12 mm, ± glabrous to hairy, lobes equal, 2–5 mm; corolla yellow, tube ± cylindric, 2–4 mm wide except mouth, tube-throat 15–26 mm, throat floor deeply grooved; placentas axile. Fruit: 4–9 mm.
2n=32. Common. Seeps, streambanks, generally partial shade; < 2900 m. California Floristic Province, Great Basin Floristic Province; to British Columbia, Rocky Mountains; naturalized in northeastern United States, Chile, Europe. Jun–Aug [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Mimulus moschatus var. moniliformis (Greene) Munz.]
Previous taxon: Mimulus montioides
Next taxon: Mimulus nanus
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 19 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Mimulus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33674, accessed on Apr 19 2014
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