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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub. Stem: ×-section generally round. Leaf: opposite, simple, entire or toothed; stipules 0. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, or panicle, bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx radial or ± bilateral, tube long, generally ribbed, lobes 5; corolla generally bilateral, generally 2-lipped, upper 2-lobed, lower 3-lobed; stamens 4 in 2 pairs, epipetalous, included or exserted; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 1–2, placentas parietal or axile, style 1, stigma lobes 2, flat, folding together when touched. Fruit: generally capsule, generally ellipsoid, loculicidal [indehiscent, 1-seeded].
± 15 genera, 230 species: ± worldwide, many habitats; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Mimulus, Mazus). Formerly included in Scrophulariaceae. [Beardsley & Olmstead 2002 Amer J Bot 89:1093–1102] Family description by David J. Keil. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Glabrous to hairy. Stem: generally erect. Leaf: opposite, generally ± sessile, generally toothed or entire, generally green or ± red. Inflorescence: raceme, bracted, or flowers generally 2 per axil. Flower: occasionally cleistogamous; calyx generally green, lobes 5, generally << tube, generally unequal; corolla generally deciduous, white to red, maroon, purple, gold, or yellow, lower lip base occasionally swollen, ± closing mouth, tube-throat floor generally with 2 longitudinal folds; anther sacs spreading; placentas 2, axile or parietal; stigma lobes generally flat, generally included. Fruit: generally ovoid to fusiform, generally upcurved if elongate, generally ± fragile, loculicidal near tip (hard, indehiscent), chambers 1–2. Seed: many, generally < 1 mm, ovoid, ± yellow to dark brown.Key to Mimulus
± 100 species: North America, Chile, eastern Asia, southern Africa, New Zealand, Australia. (Latin: little mime or comic actor, from face-like corolla of some species) [Thompson 2005 Syst Bot Monogr 75:1–213] Limb width measured between most distant points across corolla face.
Annual 2–28 cm, ± hairy. Leaf: 6–25 mm, narrowly elliptic to obovate. Flower: pedicel 1–3 mm; calyx 5–11 mm, dark-ribbed, ± hairy, lobes ± equal, 1–3 mm, acute to acuminate; corolla pink to magenta (± white), darker central marks on lobes, persistent, tube-throat 13–21 mm, throat near mouth generally white (yellow) with red-purple dots, lips ± equal, lower bent downward; placentas parietal. Fruit: 6–10 mm.
2n=16. Bare or disturbed areas, generally serpentine or granitic; generally 200–2000 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Southwestern California, Modoc Plateau. Intermediates with Mimulus nanus (Northwestern California, southern Sierra Nevada) have yellow at corolla mouth. May–Aug [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Mimulus brachiatus Pennell]
Previous taxon: Mimulus latifolius
Next taxon: Mimulus leptaleus
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 9 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Mimulus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33667, accessed on Oct 9 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Mimulus layneae|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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