|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub. Stem: ×-section generally round. Leaf: opposite, simple, entire or toothed; stipules 0. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, or panicle, bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx radial or ± bilateral, tube long, generally ribbed, lobes 5; corolla generally bilateral, generally 2-lipped, upper 2-lobed, lower 3-lobed; stamens 4 in 2 pairs, epipetalous, included or exserted; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 1–2, placentas parietal or axile, style 1, stigma lobes 2, flat, folding together when touched. Fruit: generally capsule, generally ellipsoid, loculicidal [indehiscent, 1-seeded].
± 15 genera, 230 species: ± worldwide, many habitats; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Mimulus, Mazus). Formerly included in Scrophulariaceae. [Beardsley & Olmstead 2002 Amer J Bot 89:1093–1102] Family description by David J. Keil. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Glabrous to hairy. Stem: generally erect. Leaf: opposite, generally ± sessile, generally toothed or entire, generally green or ± red. Inflorescence: raceme, bracted, or flowers generally 2 per axil. Flower: occasionally cleistogamous; calyx generally green, lobes 5, generally << tube, generally unequal; corolla generally deciduous, white to red, maroon, purple, gold, or yellow, lower lip base occasionally swollen, ± closing mouth, tube-throat floor generally with 2 longitudinal folds; anther sacs spreading; placentas 2, axile or parietal; stigma lobes generally flat, generally included. Fruit: generally ovoid to fusiform, generally upcurved if elongate, generally ± fragile, loculicidal near tip (hard, indehiscent), chambers 1–2. Seed: many, generally < 1 mm, ovoid, ± yellow to dark brown.Key to Mimulus
± 100 species: North America, Chile, eastern Asia, southern Africa, New Zealand, Australia. (Latin: little mime or comic actor, from face-like corolla of some species) [Thompson 2005 Syst Bot Monogr 75:1–213] Limb width measured between most distant points across corolla face.
Annual or rhizomed perennial herb, 2–150 cm, glabrous to hairy. Leaf: abruptly reduced upwards; petiole 0–95 mm; blade 4–125 mm, ovate to round, generally crenate, base generally irregularly small-lobed or dissected. Inflorescence: raceme, generally > 5-flowered; bracts ovate to cordate, fused at base or not, not glaucous. Flower: cleistogamous or open; pedicel 10–80 mm; calyx 6–30 mm, asymmetrically swollen in fruit, glabrous to hairy, lobes unequal, lowest 2 upcurved in fruit; corolla yellow, tube-throat 2–40 mm; placentas axile. Fruit: 5–12 mm.
2n=28,30,32,48,56. Common. Wet places, generally terrestrial, occasionally emergent or floating in mats; < 2500 m. California; to Alaska, western Canada, Rocky Mountains, northern Mexico; introduced in northeastern United States, eastern Can. [Mimulus cupriphilus Macnair; Mimulus glabratus Kunth subsp. utahensis Pennell; Mimulus microphyllus Benth.; Mimulus guttatus subsp. arenicola Pennell; Mimulus guttatus subsp. arvensis (Greene) Munz; Mimulus guttatus subsp. litoralis Pennell; Mimulus guttatus subsp. micranthus (A. Heller) Munz; Mimulus guttatus var. cupriphilus (Macnair) D.W. Taylor; Mimulus guttatus var. pardalis (Pennell) D.W. Taylor; Mimulus guttatus var. platycalyx (Pennell) D.W. Taylor; Mimulus platycalyx Pennell; Mimulus nasutus Greene; Mimulus whipplei A.L. Grant;] Complex: local populations possibly unique but forms readily intergrade. Mar–Aug [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Mimulus gracilipes
Next taxon: Mimulus inconspicuus
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 26 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Mimulus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33619, accessed on Nov 26 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
Jo-Ann Ordano © 2000 California Academy of Sciences
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Mimulus guttatus|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month