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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: bark often peeling distinctively. Leaf: simple or 0, generally cauline, alternate, opposite (whorled), evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted; pedicel often with 2 bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, bell-shaped, cylindric, or urn-shaped; sepals generally (0)4–5, generally free; petals generally (0)4–5, free or fused; stamens (2–5)8–10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers dehiscing by pores or slits, awns 0 or 2(4), seemingly abaxial, reduced or elongate, generally curved; nectary generally present at ovary base, generally disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1–5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1–many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry. Seed: generally many, winged or not.
± 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium. [Kron et al. 2002 Bot Rev 68:335–423] Monophyletic only if Empetraceae included, as treated here. Ledum included in Rhododendron. Non-green plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates. —Scientific Editors: Gary D. Wallace, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Ericaceae
Shrub, branches straggling. Stem: bark finely shredding. Leaf: alternate, often crowded toward branch tips, deciduous, papery, elliptic, flat-brown-hairy on midrib abaxially, margin rolled under in bud. Inflorescence: terminal, umbel-like; pedicel spreading-downcurved, bud scales light brown, early-deciduous. Flower: ± bilateral, sepals 4, fused 3/4; petals 4, fused; stamens 5[8,10], anthers dehiscing by short slits, unawned; ovary superior, chambers 4, placentas axile. Fruit: capsule, septicidal, dehiscing tip to base. Seed: many, small, fusiform.
4–5 species: temperate Asia, America. (A. Menzies, naturalist on Vancouver expedition, 1754–1842)
Herbage glabrous to flat-brown-hairy and/or glandular-hairy. Stem: sprawling to erect, 1–4 m. Leaf: 1.5–4 cm, tip mucronate, margins glandular-ciliate. Inflorescence: terminal on last years shoots, occasionally appearing axillary; pedicel straightening in fruit. Flower: corolla 6–7(13) mm, urn-shaped to ± spheric, ± yellow to orange-bronze, lobes short. Fruit: < 8 mm wide, valves 4. Seed: many, elongate, often with short tails, coat loose.
Moist woodland, generally acidic or peaty soils; < 300 m. North Coast, Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges; to Alaska, Montana, Wyoming; Alabama. Jun–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Menziesia
Next taxon: Moneses
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Aug 27 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Menziesia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33296, accessed on Aug 27 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Menziesia ferruginea|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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