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Annual to subshrub; hairs needle-like, barbed, occasionally stinging. Leaf: alternate [opposite], generally ± pinnate-lobed; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme. Flower: bisexual, radial; sepals generally 5, generally persistent; petals generally 5, free or fused to each other or filament tube; stamens 5–many, filaments thread-like to flat, occasionally fused at base or in clusters; petal-like staminodes occasionally present; pistil 1, ovary inferior, chamber generally 1, placentas generally 3, parietal, style 1. Fruit: capsule or achene. Seed: 1–many.
18+ genera, 250 species: especially America (Africa, Pacific). [Ernst & Thompson 1963 J Arnold Arbor 44:138–142] —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Loasaceae
Annual to perennial herb; hairs barbed to needle-like, not stinging; stems pale pink or generally ± white, branched or not. Leaf: linear to ovate, entire to pinnate-lobed; basal in rosettes, generally petioled; cauline generally sessile, ± reduced distally on stem. Inflorescence: generally cyme (or flower 1); bracts green to white, margin green. Flower: sepals lanceolate to deltate, persistent; petals generally 5, free, white to yellow or orange; stamens generally many, ± free, generally unequal, inner filaments generally thread-like; outermost stamens opposite sepal lobes generally modified, ± widened, or petal-like with anther or not; ovary generally cylindric, placentas generally 3, style thread-like, stigma 3-furrowed or -lobed. Fruit: capsule, cup-, barrel-, or urn-shaped to narrowly cylindric, occasionally curved. Seed: generally many, shape variable.Key to Mentzelia
± 100 species: western North America, ± tropical America. [Darlington 1934 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 21:103–226]
Annual 7–40 cm. Stem: erect, glabrous to hairy. Leaf: 1–9 cm, entire to lobed. Inflorescence: dense; outer bract widely ovate, toothed to lobed, ± concealing fruit; inner bract ± fused to ovary, obovate, ± toothed to lobed; lower 3/4 of bracts white-scarious, margin green. Flower: sepals 1–4 mm; petals 3–7(9) mm, obovate, pale yellow to yellow, base orange; stamens ± = style; style 1.5–5 mm. Fruit: generally erect, 5–12 mm, 2–3 mm wide, cylindric. Seed: ± 1 mm, irregular-angular with concave sides, tan, dark-mottled or not; seed coat cells generally domed, < 1/2 tall as wide in age.
2n=18. Disturbed slopes, pine forest, sagebrush scrub, pinyon/juniper woodland; 1200–2700 m. High Sierra Nevada (e slope), Tehachapi Mountain Area, Western Transverse Ranges, San Gabriel Mountains, Peninsular Ranges, East of Sierra Nevada, Desert Mountains; to Idaho. [Mentzelia congesta var. davidsoniana (Abrams) J.F. Macbr.] May–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Mentzelia albicaulis
Next taxon: Mentzelia crocea
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 25 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Mentzelia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33230, accessed on Nov 25 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Mentzelia congesta|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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