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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Perennial herb to tree [vine], hairs 0 or peltate or not; rarely dioecious. Leaf: simple to odd-pinnately compound, alternate or generally opposite, deciduous or evergreen; stipules 0. Inflorescence: various; flowers >= 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; calyx generally minute (0), tube cup-shaped, lobes 4–15; petals (0)4–6(8), generally fused; nectar disk often present; stamens (0)2(4–5), epipetalous; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 2, each 2–4 ovuled, placenta axile, style 1, stigma generally 2-lobed. Fruit: drupe, capsule, or winged achene. Seed: 1 per chamber.
± 25 genera, 900 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated for ornamental (Forsythia; Jasminum, jasmine; Ligustrum, privet; Syringa, lilac) or food (Olea, olive). [Lee et al. 2007 Molec Biol Evol 24:1161–1180] —Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Jensen et al. 2002 Phytochemisty 60:213–231; Kim & Jansen 1998 Amer J Bot 85(6): Suppl. 139; Wallander & Albert 2000 Amer J Bot 87(12):1827–1841]
Key to Oleaceae
Perennial herb to shrub. Leaf: simple, opposite or alternate, sessile or short-petioled, entire to lobed, prominently 1-veined below. Inflorescence: axillary cluster or terminal compound cyme. Flower: bisexual; calyx persistent, lobes (4)5–10(12), ± linear; corolla ± rotate or funnel-shaped, lobes (4)5(8); style slender, stigma head-like, ± 2-lobed. Fruit: papery capsule, deeply 2-lobed to near base. Seed: 2–4.Key to Menodora
± 23 species: America, southern Africa. (Greek: gift of force, for sustenance provided to horses of Humboldt and Bonpland in Mexico) [Chumley 2007 Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ Texas, Austin]
Unabridged references: [Turner 1991 Phytologia 712:340–356; Steyermark 1932 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 19:87–176]
Shrub, dense, mounded, 2–5(6) dm. Stem: many from generally short, stout trunk, spreading to ascending, round in ×-section, densely puberulent, terminating in thorns, these often appearing forked at ends of major branches. Leaf: alternate (leaf-like bracts appearing clustered on short flower shoots), sessile, (2)4–10(16) mm, linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate, 3-cleft to middle, densely puberulent, generally only present at flower. Inflorescence: axillary, compact cluster. Flower: calyx puberulent, lobes (4)5–6(8), (1.8)2–4(5) mm, linear; corolla white tinged red or purple, red in bud, lobes 4–5(6), obovate. Fruit: each lobe ± indehiscent, opening irregularly, (5)6.3–7.9(9) mm, ± glabrous to slightly scabrous. Seed: generally 2; (5)5.7–7.2(8) mm, elliptic to obovate in outline, planoconvex to lenticular in ×-section, seed coat appearing smooth, shiny. [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Menodora scabra var. scabra
Next taxon: Menodora spinescens var. mohavensis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 10 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Menodora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33190, accessed on Oct 10 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Menodora spinescens|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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