|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Perennial herb to tree [vine], hairs 0 or peltate or not; rarely dioecious. Leaf: simple to odd-pinnately compound, alternate or generally opposite, deciduous or evergreen; stipules 0. Inflorescence: various; flowers >= 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; calyx generally minute (0), tube cup-shaped, lobes 4–15; petals (0)4–6(8), generally fused; nectar disk often present; stamens (0)2(4–5), epipetalous; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 2, each 2–4 ovuled, placenta axile, style 1, stigma generally 2-lobed. Fruit: drupe, capsule, or winged achene. Seed: 1 per chamber.
± 25 genera, 900 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated for ornamental (Forsythia; Jasminum, jasmine; Ligustrum, privet; Syringa, lilac) or food (Olea, olive). [Lee et al. 2007 Molec Biol Evol 24:1161–1180] —Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Jensen et al. 2002 Phytochemisty 60:213–231; Kim & Jansen 1998 Amer J Bot 85(6): Suppl. 139; Wallander & Albert 2000 Amer J Bot 87(12):1827–1841]
Key to Oleaceae
Perennial herb to shrub. Leaf: simple, opposite or alternate, sessile or short-petioled, entire to lobed, prominently 1-veined below. Inflorescence: axillary cluster or terminal compound cyme. Flower: bisexual; calyx persistent, lobes (4)5–10(12), ± linear; corolla ± rotate or funnel-shaped, lobes (4)5(8); style slender, stigma head-like, ± 2-lobed. Fruit: papery capsule, deeply 2-lobed to near base. Seed: 2–4.Key to Menodora
± 23 species: America, southern Africa. (Greek: gift of force, for sustenance provided to horses of Humboldt and Bonpland in Mexico) [Chumley 2007 Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ Texas, Austin]
Unabridged references: [Turner 1991 Phytologia 712:340–356; Steyermark 1932 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 19:87–176]
Perennial herb to subshrub, broom-like, (1.5)2–4(5) dm. Stem: 2–many from woody base, ascending to erect, angled in ×-section, ± glabrous to densely scabrous, unarmed. Leaf: basal-most 2–4 nodes opposite, becoming alternate distally, grading into alternate leaf-like bracts in inflorescence, sessile or ± petioled, (3)10–45(60) mm, linear to ovate or obovate, ± glabrous to scabrous. Inflorescence: terminal, compound cyme. Flower: calyx generally densely scabrous, lobes (4)5–10(12), (1)2.6–5(10) mm, linear; corolla opening in evening, often scented, yellow, generally red in bud, tube 3–6 mm, lobes (4)5–6, (4)5–8(10) mm, oblong or obovate; anthers yellow; stigma exserted. Fruit: circumscissile, (4)5–7(8) mm, glabrous. Seed: generally 4, 4–6 mm, obovate, generally 3-sided in ×-section, spongy; seed coat deeply netted.
2n=22,44. [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Menodora
Next taxon: Menodora scabra var. glabrescens
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 26 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Menodora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33188, accessed on Mar 26 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Menodora scabra|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month