|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
[(Perennial herb), shrub] or tree; wood hard, often aromatic. Leaf: generally alternate, often clustered near stem tips, generally odd-2-pinnate, bases generally swollen; stipules 0. Inflorescence: panicle [raceme or umbel]. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals generally 3–5, fused at base or not; petals generally 3–5, free [or ± fused at base or to filament tube]; stamens generally 8–12, filaments generally fused; disk generally between stamens and ovary; ovary superior, chambers generally 2–5, placentas axile, style generally 1, stigma generally head-like, lobed. Fruit: generally drupe. Seed: many, often winged or with an aril.
± 50 genera, ± 550 species: tropics, subtropics (some temperate). Timber, including mahogany (Swietenia). [Muellner et al. 2006 Molec Phylogen Evol 40:236–250] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Pennington & Styles 1975 Blumea 22:419–540; Muellner et al. 2003 Amer J Bot 90:471–480]
Leaf: deciduous, petioled. Inflorescence: panicle; flowers many. Flower: white or purple; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5; filament tube 10–12-lobed at tip (lobes sometimes further divided), anthers 10–12; pistil surrounded by, ± = filament tube, ovary chambers 5–8, style ± as wide as ovary, stigma.
± 10 species: tropical Asia, Australia. (Greek: ash tree, from leaf shape)
Unabridged references: [Miller 1990 J Arnold Arbor 71:453–486]
Tree, < 10 m. Stem: branches broadly spreading; bark furrowed. Leaf: ± 20–40 cm; 1° leaflets ± 5–9; 2° leaflets generally 5–7 per 1° leaflet, 2.5–5 cm, ovate to lanceolate, toothed. Flower: white to lilac, fragrant; sepals ± 2–3 mm; petals ± 5 mm, oblong; filament tube ± 5 mm, purple, aging black. Fruit: 10–15 mm, spheric, yellow. Seed: 1, bony.
Washes, riparian areas, coastal scrub, or persisting near old habitations; < 1280 m. San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast, San Gabriel Mountains, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges; native to southeastern Asia, northern Australia. Fast-growing, used in reforestation; fruit pulp mildly toxic; seeds used for beads. Mar–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Melia
Next taxon: Menyanthaceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Aug 4 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Melia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33069, accessed on Aug 4 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Melia azedarach|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month