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PLANTAGINACEAE PLANTAIN FAMILY

Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted

Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1–few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4–5, generally fused at base; corolla 4–5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1–2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2–4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
110 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553; Olmstead et al. 2001 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Plantaginaceae

MAURANDELLA
Perennial herb, climbing by twining stems or petioles. Leaf: generally alternate (proximal-most opposite on seedlings), entire to irregularly bristly-dentate; veins palmate. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in leaf axils. Flower: calyx persistent in fruit, lobes 5, ± equal, ± free; corolla 2-lipped, base sac-like, lower lip base swollen, ± closing throat, hairy; stamens 4, included, filaments hairy at base. Fruit: ± spheric; chambers 2, unequal, dehiscent irregularly near tip. Seed: many, ± rectangular, dark brown, ± tubercled.
2 species: southwestern United States, Mexico. (Small Maurandya) [Sutton 1988 Revision of the tribe Antirrhineae. Oxford Univ Press]
Unabridged references: [Elisens 1985 Syst Bot Monogr 5:1–97; Ghebrehiwet et al. 2000 Plant Syst Evol 220:223–239]

M. antirrhiniflora (Willd.) Rothm. VIOLET TWINING SNAPDRAGON
NATIVE
Plant ± glabrous. Leaf: petiole 5–33 mm; blade 5–30 mm, hastate to sagittate, entire. Inflorescence: pedicel 12–47 mm, glabrous. Flower: calyx lobes 9–14 mm, entire, glabrous; corolla pink, red, to violet distally, tube-throat 13–17 mm, lobes 4–8 mm.
2n=24. Desert flats, washes; < 2600 m. e Desert Mountains (Providence Mtns); to Texas, Mexico. [Maurandya antirrhiniflora Willd.] Feb–Dec [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}
Unabridged synonyms: [Maurandya antirrhiniflora Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.]
Unabridged note: Expanded author citation: Maurandella antirrhiniflora (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Rothm.

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 25 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Maurandella, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=32883, accessed on Jul 25 2014

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Bioregions in which Maurandella antirrhiniflora occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.