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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual, perennial herb; hairs often hard from calcium deposits; generally monoecious.
Stem: trailing or climbing, 1–many; tendril generally 1 per node, often branched.
Leaf: generally simple, alternate, generally palmate-lobed and -veined, petioled; stipules 0.
Inflorescence: at nodes; staminate flowers in racemes, panicles, small clusters, (or 1); pistillate flowers generally 1.
Flower: unisexual [ bisexual], radial; hypanthium > ovary; calyx generally 5-lobed (or ± 0); corolla rotate to cup- or bell-shaped, generally 5-lobed; stamens 3–5 (or ± 1–3 from fusion), anthers twisted together, often > filaments; ovary ± inferior, chambers 3–5, placentas parietal, styles 1–3, stigmas generally lobed, large.
Fruit: berry, drying or not, or capsule, irregularly dehiscent, often gourd- or melon-like.
100 genera, 700 species: especially tropics; some cultivated (Citrullus, watermelon; Cucumis, cucumber; Cucurbita, gourd, pumpkin, squash; Luffa, loofah; Sechium, chayote). [Schaefer et al. 2009 Proc Roy Soc London Ser B, Biol Sci 276:843–851] Several cult species included Bryonia dioica reported as waifs in CA (Howell 1958 Wasmann J Biol 16:1–157), but none recently. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Jeffrey 1990 An outline classification of the Cucurbitaceae, In: Bates, Robinson, and Jeffrey (eds.), Biology and Utilization of the Cucurbitaceae 17:449–463, Cornell Univ Press, Ithaca, NY; Kocyan et al. 2007 Molec Phylogen Evol 44:553–577; Lira, Rodriguez-Jimenez, Alvarado, Rodriguez, Castrejon, Dominguez-Mariani 1998 Acta Bot Mex 42: 43–77; McVaugh 2001 Cucurbitaceae In W.R. Anderson (ed), Flora Novo-Galiciana 3:483–652, Univ Michigan Herbarium, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Schaefer et al. 2008 Syst Bot 33:125–132]
Key to Cucurbitaceae
Perennial; tuber large; occasionally temporarily dioecious.Key to Marah
Stem: ± scabrous or hairy, glabrous in age; tendril branched.
Leaf: ± round, ± cordate, ± 5–7-lobed.
Inflorescence: staminate flowers in racemes or panicles (or 1 flower per node early); pistillate flower 1 per node, generally at same nodes as staminate.
Flower: sepals 0; staminate flower 3–15 mm wide, rotate to cup-shaped, white to cream or yellow-green; stamens fused, anthers twisted together; stigma ( pistillate flowers) 1, ± hemispheric.
Fruit: capsule, irregular- dehiscent from tip, ± symmetric, 3–20 cm, spheric to ovate or oblong, ± prickly, beak << body or 0.
Seed: 1–many, generally > 1 cm, ± ovate, ± flat.
7 species: w North America. (Hebrew: bitter, from taste of all parts) [Borchert 2006 Ecol Res 21:641–650]
Unabridged references: [Nicholls & Bohm 1982 J Nat Prod 45:453–454; Schlising 1969 Amer J Bot 56:552–561]
Unabridged note: Sometimes included in Echinocystis.
Flower: corolla generally < 8 mm wide, deeply cup-shaped, white.
Fruit: 2–3.5 cm, ± spheric, often striped dark green; prickles ± 0 to dense, flexible, often hooked.
Seed: 1–4, 11–14 mm, ± spheric.
Shrubby areas, forest edges; < 1200 m. Inner North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range Foothills, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, Sacramento Valley.
Previous taxon: Marah oregana
Next taxon: Datiscaceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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