Directory       News       Site Map       Home
         
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon

AIZOACEAE FIG-MARIGOLD or ICEPLANT FAMILY

Nancy J. Vivrette, John Bleck & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr., family description, key to genera

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy. Stem: underground to erect; root fibrous or tuberous. Leaf: generally simple, entire, flat, cylindric, 3-angled, or scale-like, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; blade papillate, pubescent, or generally glabrous, often glaucous. Inflorescence: cyme or 1-flowered, generally terminal. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals (3)5(8), often unequal; petals 0 or many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear; stamens 1–many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1–20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0–20. Fruit: berry, nut, or generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile. Seed: 1–many per chamber, generally ovoid, arilled or not.
130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropics, especially southern Africa; many cultivated. [Hartmann 2002 Illus Handbook Succulent Plants Aizoaceae A-E (Vol 1) and F-Z (Vol 2). Springer; Vivrette et al. 2003 FNANM 4:75–91] Galenia pubescens (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Druce, a waif, may be naturalizing in southern California. —Scientific Editors: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Ferren et al. 1981 Madroño 28:80–85; Smith 1998 Mesembs of the World. Briza.]
Unabridged note: Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus (ovary glands convex, minute-crenate; stigmas dense-plumose; fruit chambers 5; seeds ovate, ± smooth), of tribe Ruschieae, an historical waif in California; Lampranthus coccineus (Haw.) N.E. Br.: (ovary glands fused; fruit chambers 5; seeds pear-shaped, ± black, rough), of Ruschieae, an historical waif or urban weed in California.

Key to Aizoaceae

MALEPHORA

John Bleck

Perennial herb, shrub. Stem: prostrate [to erect]. Leaf: opposite, ± fused at base, ± triangular [to ± round] in ×-section, smooth, often glaucous. Inflorescence: 1-flowered (or cyme). Flower: < 5 cm diam; sepals 4–6, unequal; petals free; stamens many in several whorls; nectary a ring; ovary ± inferior, top flat, placentas parietal, styles 0, stigmas wide, feathery. Fruit: capsule, valves not separating; valve winged and with lids. Seed: flat, rough, with tubercles in rows.
15 species: southern Africa. (Greek: armhole, to bear)

M. crocea (Jacq.) Schwantes
NATURALIZED
Stem: stout, pale, corky; nodes often rooting. Leaf: on short shoots, 2.5–6 cm, 6 mm wide, ± linear-elliptic or -oblanceolate, pale glaucous-green, sometimes ± red. Inflorescence: pedicel 1–6 cm. Flower: calyx 0.8–1.5 cm diam, at least 2 sepals short, acuminate, with translucent margins; petals adaxially orange, abaxially purple, or entirely yellow or orange; outer stamens sterile, yellow, petal-like, inner erect, often hairy at base; ovary chambers 8(12), stigmas 8(12), feathery. Fruit: placental tubercles at outer margin of chamber, in adaxial seed pockets, 2-lobed. Seed: many, 1 mm, 0.8 mm wide, lenticular.
2n=27,36. Common. Margins of wetlands, coastal bluffs; < 50 m. Central Coast, South Coast, s Channel Islands; native to southern Africa. [Malephora purpureo-crocea (Haw.) Schwantes] ± invasive. Mar–Dec [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: Although petals of most naturalized California plants have some purple (generally abaxially), some are entirely yellow or orange. California plants may be assignable to Malephora purpureo-crocea (Haw.) Schwantes, sometimes segregated.

Previous taxon: Malephora
Next taxon: Mesembryanthemum

Contact/Feedback

Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 24 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Malephora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=32548, accessed on Oct 24 2014

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.


Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Malephora crocea Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

 

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.