|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2–5-chambered.
75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC. [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum. Koeltz Scientific Books] Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum: The Genera of Solanaceae Illustrated, Arranged According to a New System by A.T. Hunziker. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany]
Key to Solanaceae
Annual or perennial herb, sticky-glandular, aromatic. Leaf: ± odd-1–2-pinnate. Inflorescence: raceme; pedicels jointed. Flower: often nodding; parts generally 5; sepals free ± to base; corolla yellow, ± rotate or lobes reflexed; anthers > filaments, tube-like around style, tapered, opening by slits from tip (except sterile part); stigma exserted from anthers. Fruit: berry, green to red, fleshy. Seed: coat gelatinous.Key to Lycopersicon
± 6 species: western South America, Central America. (Greek: wolf peach, from supposed toxic properties) [Peralta et al. 2008 Syst Bot Monogr 84:1–186] Recently included in Solanum.
Unabridged references: [Muller 1940 USDA Misc Publ 382; Peralta, I. E., D.M. Spooner & S. Knapp. 2008. Taxonomy of wild tomatoes and their relatives (Solanum sect. Lycopersicoides, sect. Juglandifolia, sect. Lycopersicon: Solanaceae). Syst Bot Monographs 84: 1–186]
Erect or reclining, often fleshy, from taproot. Leaf: 10–20 cm. Inflorescence: few-flowered; peduncle 1.5–4 cm; bracts generally 0. Fruit: 3–12 cm wide, spheric, compressed, or pear-shaped, yellow-green to red.
Disturbed areas, abandoned fields, roadsides; < 100 m. Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast; native to South America. Summer–fall [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Lycopersicon
Next taxon: Lycopersicon peruvianum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 2 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Lycopersicon, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=32229, accessed on Apr 2 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Lycopersicon esculentum|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month