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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2–5-chambered.
75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC. [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum. Koeltz Scientific Books] Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum: The Genera of Solanaceae Illustrated, Arranged According to a New System by A.T. Hunziker. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany]
Key to Solanaceae
Shrub 1–4 m, generally with thorns, glabrous, hairy, or glandular-hairy. Leaf: alternate, clustered or not, entire, small, fleshy, generally ± flat to elliptic in ×-section. Inflorescence: clusters; flowers 1–several. Flower: calyx cylindric to bell-shaped, lobes 2–5; corolla funnel- or bell-shaped, ± white, ± green, or ± purple, lobes 4–5; stamens attached at various levels. Fruit: berry, 2-chambered, fleshy [dry]. Seed: 2–many.Key to Lycium
± 100 species: warm, dry areas worldwide. (Latin: Lycia, ancient country of Asia Minor)
Unabridged references: [Hitchcock 1932 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 19:179–374]
Plant glabrous; thorns 0 or short; branches curved to arched. Leaf: 2–6 cm, (ob)lanceolate. Flower: calyx 3–4 mm, bell-shaped, lobes generally 2–3, 1–2 mm; corolla funnel-shaped, lavender to purple, fading tan, tube 4–6 mm, ± abruptly expanded to throat, lobes spreading, < tube; stamens ± equal, attached at tube middle, hair-tufted at base. Fruit: 1 cm, bright red. Seed: 10–20.
Disturbed areas, fields; < 1500 m. s Sierra Nevada, Great Central Valley, South Coast, Modoc Plateau, expected elsewhere; native to Eurasia. Plants with corolla tube < lobes and ± hidden by calyx are Lycium chinense Mill., a waif or possibly naturalized in central Sierra Nevada Foothills, Sacramento Valley, South Coast; formerly cultivated. Apr–Aug [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Lycium andersonii
Next taxon: Lycium brevipes
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Lycium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=32204, accessed on Apr 20 2014
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