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Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often ± connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1–many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, ± free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2–3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely ± dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). [Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:3–215] Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5–8. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Caryophyllaceae
Biennial, perennial herb, erect, taprooted or roots fibrous. Leaf: petioled or not; oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic; vein 1, prominent. Inflorescence: terminal; flowers few; pedicels 10–55+ mm. Flower: sepals 5, fused, densely silky-hairy to tomentose, tube prominent, 12–14 mm, 7–10 mm diam, elliptic to ovoid, rounded, strongly 10-ribbed (obscured by hairs), lobes 4–7 mm, < tube, linear to ± lanceolate; petals 5, 22–30 mm, claw > limb, limb widely notched, appendages 2; styles (4)5, 16–18 mm. Fruit: capsule, ovoid; stalk 0–0.5 mm; teeth (4)5, ascending. Seed: many, gray to black-purple.
30 species: northern temperate Eurasia, northern Africa. (Greek: lamp, from flame-colored flower of some species) See note at Silene.
Unabridged references: [Morton 2005 FNANM 5:180]
Plant densely silky-hairy to tomentose. Stem: sparingly branched above. Leaf: basal many, 9–15 cm, oblanceolate; cauline fewer, 5–15 cm, generally narrowly elliptic. Inflorescence: leafy; branches, pedicels spreading, often arching upward. Flower: calyx lobes twisted; petals obovate, red-purple, appendages 2–4 mm, awl-like, thickened. Seed: 1–1.5 mm, ± spheric; tubercles rounded, elongate.
2n=24. Disturbed areas, open slopes, redwood/Douglas-fir forests; 100–1220 m. North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range Foothills (Butte Co.), High Cascade Range (Plumas Co.), n Sierra Nevada Foothills, n High Sierra Nevada (Butte Co.), c High Sierra Nevada, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges; to British Columbia, Idaho, Utah, also eastern North America; native to southeastern Europe. Summer [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Silene coronaria (L.) Clairv.]
Previous taxon: Lychnis
Next taxon: Minuartia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 2 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Lychnis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=32177, accessed on Sep 2 2014
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Lychnis coronaria|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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