|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
[Subshrub] shrub, tree, trunk bark smooth or scaly; glands 0 or embedded in epidermis. Leaf: opposite or alternate, persistent, generally glandular when young. Inflorescence: generally axillary, raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, parts in 4s, 5s, generally ± white; hypanthium exceeding ovary or not; stamens generally many; ovary [rarely superior to] inferior, 2–5(18)-chambered; placentas axillary, just below top, or basal, ovules few to many, generally in 2–many series. Fruit: berry, capsule, nut. Seed: 1–many; coat membranous to ± leathery or hard, bony; embryo starchy or oily (of great taxonomic importance).
100 genera, ± 3500 species: many species tropical America, Australasia, fewer Africa, southern Asia; economically important for timber (Eucalyptus), spices (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry, cloves; Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr., allspice), edible fruits (Psidium guajava L., guava; Acca sellowiana (O. Berg) Burret, pineapple guava), many orns (Eucalyptus, Melaleuca, several other genera). [McVaugh 1968 Taxon 17:354–418] Apparently of Gondwanan origins; tropics, subtropics, Mediterranean climates. Chamelaucium uncinatum Schauer, Luma apiculata (DC.) Burret, Melaleuca citrina (Curtis) Dum.Cours., Myrtus communis L., Syzygium australe (Link) B. Hyland are waifs. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [McVaugh 1968 Taxon 17:354–418; Wilson et al. 2005 Plant Syst Evol 251:3–19]
Key to Myrtaceae
Shrub, small tree. Stem: erect; bark shed in flakes; trunk smooth. Leaf: opposite. Inflorescence: cyme, 3-flowered or flowers 1 in axils. Flower: hypanthium ± broadly vase-shaped; calyx lobes, petals 4, free; stamens many; ovary chambers 2, style 6–7 mm. Fruit: berry. Seed: (1)2–16, lenticular; coat membranous; cotyledons thin, planoconvex, ± = cylindric, embryonic stem.
2 species: Chile, western Argentina. (Indigenous Chilean name for some Myrtaceae) [Lucas et al. 2005 Plant Syst Evol 251:35–51]
Stem: 1.5–5(20) m, many-branched; trunk golden- to orange-brown, with ± white areas or not. Leaf: 1–4.5 cm, elliptic, ± round, or ovate, with a short, abrupt, flexible point, thinly leathery, dark green adaxially. Inflorescence: flowers generally 1 in axils. Flower: ± 12 mm wide; petals rounded, cream-white, pink-tinged, concave adaxially; stamens forming dense ring, < petals. Fruit: ± 12 mm wide, dark purple.
Uncommon. Cool coastal, urban areas; 100 m. Central Coast; native to Chile, western Argentina. Cult in California. [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Luma
Next taxon: Melaleuca
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 4 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Luma, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=31673, accessed on May 4 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Luma apiculata|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month