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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Subshrub to small tree or vine. Leaf: opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0. Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 1–5-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, drupe.
5 genera, 220 species: especially northern temperate. [Backlund & Pyck 1998 Taxon 47:657–661] Linnaea moved to Linnaeaceae; Sambucus and Viburnum to Adoxaceae. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Caprifoliaceae
Shrub, twining to erect. Leaf: simple, entire, generally short-petioled; 1–2 pairs beneath inflorescence often fused around stem. Inflorescence: spikes, ± interrupted, on axillary peduncles or at ends of branches, or flowers paired on axillary peduncles and subtended by 0–3 pairs of bracts. Flower: calyx limb 0 or generally 5-toothed, generally persistent; corolla 5-lobed, ± bilateral, 2-lipped (upper 4-lobed), swollen at base on 1 side; ovary chambers 2–3. Fruit: berry, generally round; seeds generally > 2.Key to Lonicera
± 200 species: temperate, subtropical North America, Europe, Asia, northern Africa. (Johann Lonitzer, German herbalist, physician, 1499–1569, and/or his son, Adam Lonitzer, German botanist, 1528–1586) [Howarth & Donoghue 2006 Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103(24):9101–9106]
Unabridged note: According to Ferguson (1966 J Arnold Arbor 47:33–59), genus named "in honor of Johann Lonitzer, latinized Lonicerus, 1499–1569, a German herbalist and physician, not Adam Lonitzer, 1528–1586; see Linnaeus, Crit. Bot. 93 1737." In fact, although Linnaeus indicated in Critica Botanica (Hort translation, Ray Society, 1938, p. 76) that the genus Lonicera was named in honor of Johann Lonitzer, in Hortus Cliffortianus (1737; p. 58) he states "...Loniceram ab Adamo Lonicero, antiquo Botanico...".
Erect, slender, 6–18 dm; herbage puberulent. Leaf: 2–8 cm; blade elliptic to round, base ± tapered, tip round to acute. Inflorescence: flowers paired; peduncle 14–30 mm, slender; bracts 0 or minute. Flower: calyx limb 0 or inconspicuous; corolla 4–7 mm, strongly 2-lipped, dark red, hairs 0 or sparse, upper lip erect, shallowly 4-lobed, lower lip downturned; anthers 3 in upper lip, 2 exserted from deepest corolla sinuses; ovaries (and fruit) fused generally > 1/2, style hairy well below stigma; stamens, stigma exserted. Fruit: pair fused generally > 1/2, 6–8 mm, bright red, translucent.
Streambanks, moist places in conifer forest, open rocky slopes, talus; 140–3300 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Modoc Plateau; to Washington, western Nevada. May–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Lonicera ciliosa
Next taxon: Lonicera etrusca
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 18 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Lonicera, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=31497, accessed on Apr 18 2014
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© 2005 Chris Wagner
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