Directory       News       Site Map       Home
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon


Robert Patterson, family description, key to genera

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1–many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). [Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55–91] Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Polemoniaceae


Robert Patterson & J. Mark Porter

Annual, perennial herb, subshrub. Stem: generally erect, generally branched from base. Leaf: cauline, alternate or opposite, entire or lobes 3–9, pinnate or palmate, linear to narrow-lanceolate or spoon-shaped. Inflorescence: open or dense clusters or cyme or flower 1; bracts leaf-like; flowers sessile or not. Flower: corolla funnel-shaped, salverform, or bell-shaped; stamens attached at 1 level, included or exserted, pollen yellow. Fruit: capsule, valves 3(4). Seed: generally many, when wet gelatinous to not.
24 species: western North America. (Greek: flax flower) [Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55–91] Other taxa in TJM (1993) moved to Leptosiphon.

Key to Linanthus

L. parryae (A. Gray) Greene
Annual. Stem: decumbent or short-erect, hidden by leaves, 2–10 cm, glandular-hairy. Leaf: crowded, lobes 5–15 mm, linear, hairy. Inflorescence: bracts crowded; flowers sessile. Flower: calyx 6–8 mm, tube obscure, membrane ± = but not connecting lobes; corolla funnel-shaped, blue-purple or white, tube 1 mm, throat 1–2 mm, lobes 8–12 mm, base with 1–2 purple marks, tip generally jagged; stamens included. Fruit: < calyx, obovoid, angled. Seed: 18–36, swelling, ± gelatinous when wet.
2n=18. Sandy, open, flat areas; < 2000 m. s Sierra Nevada, Tehachapi Mountain Area, s San Joaquin Valley, Inner South Coast Ranges, Western Transverse Ranges, East of Sierra Nevada except White and Inyo Mountains, Mojave Desert. Some populations mixed in having blue- and white-flowered plants. Mar–May [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Linanthus orcuttii
Next taxon: Linanthus pungens


Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 28 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Linanthus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 28 2015

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.

click for enlargement Linanthus parryae
See CalPhotos for additional images
1998 Larry Blakely

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Linanthus parryae Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records


CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.