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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to tree, generally glandular, some ± aquatic. Stem: round to square in ×-section. Leaf: simple, generally alternate, generally ± entire; stipules generally 0 (present in Limosella). Inflorescence: spike to panicle (head-like), generally bracted, or flowers 1–4 in axils. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx lobes 4–5; corolla bilateral to radial, lobes 4–5; stamens epipetalous, 4–5, 5th a staminode in Scrophularia; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2. Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal, or drupe-like.
± 65 genera, 1700 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (Verbascum). [Olmstead et al. 2001 Amer J Bot 88:348–361] Other taxa moved to Plantaginaceae (Antirrhinum, Bacopa, Collinsia, Cymbalaria, Digitalis, Dopatrium, Gambelia, Gratiola, Hebe, Holmgrenanthe, Keckiella, Kickxia, Limnophila, Linaria, Lindernia, Maurandella, Mohavea, Nothochelone, Penstemon, Pseudorontium, Stemodia, Synthyris, Tonella, Veronica), Orobanchaceae (Bellardia, Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Parentucellia, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Mimulus). —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Albach et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92:297–315]
Key to Scrophulariaceae
Annual, stoloned, occasionally partly submersed. Leaf: basal, erect; stipules generally present; petioles present or not. Inflorescence: scapose; flower 1. Flower: calyx bell-shaped, lobes 5, ovate, acute; corolla radial, bell-shaped, lobes 5, adaxially sparsely papillate; stamens 4; style generally ± terminal, stigmas generally fused, head-like. Fruit: elliptic to spheric, chambers 2 proximally, 1 distally. Seed: many, minute.Key to Limosella
± 15 species: worldwide. (Latin: mud seat, from habitat)
Tufted. Leaf: 1–3 cm, awl-like, cylindric, obtuse; stipules 0 or tapered; petiole 0. Inflorescence: pedicels < leaves, curved in fruit. Flower: calyx lobes <= tube; corolla ± 3 mm, lobes rounded, white to lavender-blue; stamens attached at 1 level; style > ovary, ± 1 mm, head-like, straight to ± curved, ± terminal. Fruit: spheric.
2n=20. Muddy or sandy intertidal flats, brackish water; < 10 m. Deltaic Great Central Valley (near Antioch), Central Coast (Abbott's Lagoon, Marin Co.); native to eastern coast North America. [Limosella subulata E. Ives] Poorly known in western North America, seeds possibly brought in with ship ballast. Apr [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Limosella aquatica
Next taxon: Myoporum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 7 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Limosella, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=31029, accessed on Mar 7 2014
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© 2013 Jean Pawek
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