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PLUMBAGINACEAE LEADWORT FAMILY

Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock

Annual to shrub [vine]. Leaf: simple, generally in basal rosette (cauline), entire or lobed. Inflorescence: raceme, cyme, or panicle (head-like in Armeria), generally scapose. Flower: bisexual, radial, generally small; calyx tubular, generally membranous or partly scarious, lobes 5, persistent; petals 5, ± free to ± fused, clawed, ± intertwined; stamens 5, opposite petals, occasionally epipetalous; ovary superior, generally 5-lobed or -ribbed, chamber and ovule 1, styles 5, occasionally fused. Fruit: utricle, achene, or capsule, ± enclosed in calyx.
27 genera, ± 1000 species: ± worldwide, especially Mediterranean, western and central Asia. [Lledo et al. 1998 Syst Bot 23:21–29] Some cultivated as ornamental (Limonium used as dried flower). —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Plumbaginaceae

LIMONIUM SEA-LAVENDER, MARSH-ROSEMARY
(Annual) perennial herb, scapose; rhizome ± woody. Leaf: few to many; basal generally in rosette, oblanceolate to obovate, entire or lobed, generally petioled; cauline generally small, scale-like. Inflorescence: panicle, branched ± at plant base, flowers in sessile, 1–3(5) flowered spike-like clusters, each 3-bracted at base, clusters evenly spaced along branches to crowded at branch tips. Flower: calyx funnel-shaped, base tubular, lobes generally fused, generally 5–10-ribbed, generally pink to blue; petals free, white to yellow or pale violet; styles 5, ± free.
± 300 species: ± worldwide, generally in saline soils. (Greek: meadow, from habitat of many species) [Karis 2004 Biol J Linn Soc 144:461–482] Many cultivated species; those of Mediterranean origin potentially could escape and naturalize. Limonium arborescens Kuntze, illeg. may have been misappl. to the waif Limonium brassicifolium (Webb & Berthel.) Kuntze.
Unabridged references: [Kunkel & Sunding 1967 Cuad Bot 2:9–18; Pignatti 1972 Flora Europaea 3:38–50; Lledo et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92: 1189–1198; Smith 2005 FNANM 5:606–611]

Key to Limonium

L. sinuatum (L.) Mill.
NATURALIZED
Erect, 20–50 cm. Stem: rough-hairy, narrowly 3–5-winged; ± linear leaf-like bracts generally present at stem branch points. Leaf: petiole < to > blade, winged; blade 3–12 cm, ± obovate, pinnately lobed, rough-hairy, base tapered. Inflorescence: wings <= 5 mm wide; clusters 2-flowered, crowded in terminal 1–3 cm at branch tips; flower bracts 5–7 mm, proximal awned, distal irregularly lobed. Flower: calyx 10–12 mm, blue, tube short-stiff-hairy; corolla > calyx, white to pale yellow.
Disturbed coastal areas, roadsides; < 300 m. Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, South Coast; native to Mediterranean, western Asia. All year [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Limonium ramosissimum
Next taxon: Limonium sventenii

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 25 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Limonium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=31025, accessed on Oct 25 2014

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Limonium sinuatum Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.