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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub [vine]. Leaf: simple, generally in basal rosette (cauline), entire or lobed. Inflorescence: raceme, cyme, or panicle (head-like in Armeria), generally scapose. Flower: bisexual, radial, generally small; calyx tubular, generally membranous or partly scarious, lobes 5, persistent; petals 5, ± free to ± fused, clawed, ± intertwined; stamens 5, opposite petals, occasionally epipetalous; ovary superior, generally 5-lobed or -ribbed, chamber and ovule 1, styles 5, occasionally fused. Fruit: utricle, achene, or capsule, ± enclosed in calyx.
27 genera, ± 1000 species: ± worldwide, especially Mediterranean, western and central Asia. [Lledo et al. 1998 Syst Bot 23:21–29] Some cultivated as ornamental (Limonium used as dried flower). —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Plumbaginaceae
(Annual) perennial herb, scapose; rhizome ± woody. Leaf: few to many; basal generally in rosette, oblanceolate to obovate, entire or lobed, generally petioled; cauline generally small, scale-like. Inflorescence: panicle, branched ± at plant base, flowers in sessile, 1–3(5) flowered spike-like clusters, each 3-bracted at base, clusters evenly spaced along branches to crowded at branch tips. Flower: calyx funnel-shaped, base tubular, lobes generally fused, generally 5–10-ribbed, generally pink to blue; petals free, white to yellow or pale violet; styles 5, ± free.Key to Limonium
± 300 species: ± worldwide, generally in saline soils. (Greek: meadow, from habitat of many species) [Karis 2004 Biol J Linn Soc 144:461–482] Many cultivated species; those of Mediterranean origin potentially could escape and naturalize. Limonium arborescens Kuntze, illeg. may have been misappl. to the waif Limonium brassicifolium (Webb & Berthel.) Kuntze.
Unabridged references: [Kunkel & Sunding 1967 Cuad Bot 2:9–18; Pignatti 1972 Flora Europaea 3:38–50; Lledo et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92: 1189–1198; Smith 2005 FNANM 5:606–611]
Erect, 15–45 cm. Leaf: petiole >= blade; blade 4–15 cm, 2.5–7 cm wide, round to wide-ovate, ± entire, margin ciliate with simple to 3-branched hairs, base ± truncate, tip long-acuminate. Inflorescence: winged; clusters 2-flowered, crowded in terminal 1–3 cm of branch tips; flower bracts 2–5 mm, proximal awned, distal rounded, margins ciliate. Flower: calyx ± 10 mm, blue-purple, tube short-stiff-hairy; corolla > calyx, white.
Disturbed coastal areas, cliffs, sand dunes, roadsides; < 100 m. Southwestern California (except San Jacinto Mountains); native to Canary Islands. Mar–Sep [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Statice perezii Stapf]
Previous taxon: Limonium otolepis
Next taxon: Limonium preauxii
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 23 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Limonium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=31022, accessed on Apr 23 2014
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