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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Perennial from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome.
Stem: underground or erect, branched or not.
Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled.
Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, ± umbel-like or not.
Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or ± fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or ± so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed.
Fruit: capsule or berry.
Seed: 3–many, flat or angled, brown to black.
16 genera, 635 species: n temperate. Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in CA. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North America species of Disporum now in Prosartes. —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Liliaceae
Plant from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs here for brevity), generally not clonal, ± glabrous; bulb scale segments 2–many, if segmented.Key to Lilium
Leaf: > 12, ± whorled (often some alternate), sessile, spreading with drooping tips to ascending, generally ± elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0.
Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 1–40+; bracts generally 2 per flower.
Flower: generally radial, generally bell- or funnel-shaped; perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, ± lanceolate, base narrowed, generally red-purple-spotted adaxially; stamens 6, anthers attached at middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed.
Fruit: capsule, erect, generally ± smooth, loculicidal.
Seed: many, flat, in 6 stacks.
± 100 species: n temperate, tropical mountains of eastern Asia. (Greek: lily) Variable, hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction, collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May–Aug.
Unabridged references: [Skinner 1988 Ph.D. Dissertation Harvard Univ]
Plant < 2.6 m, often glaucous; bulb oblique-elongate to ± erect-ovoid, scales unsegmented, 2-segmented, or indistinctly 2(3)-segmented, longest 3.3–12 cm.
Leaf: in 1–9(14) whorls, spreading to ascending, ± clasping stem or not, 3–13 cm, generally oblanceolate; margin wavy or not.
Inflorescence: flowers 1–33, nodding to ascending.
Flower: generally ± bilateral, ± funnel-shaped, strongly fragrant; perianth parts generally 6.2–11.3 cm (inner wider, strongly oblanceolate), recurved in distal 25–33%, white, turning deep pink or not, magenta spots minute; stamens ± > perianth, filaments ± parallel, anthers 8–15 mm, off-white or cream, pollen yellow or cream; pistil 7.5–10.4 cm.
Fruit: 2.7–5.8 cm. [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: Lilium washingtonianum subsp. purpurascens replaces the Sierran Lilium washingtonianum subsp. washingtonianum near Mount Shasta in Siskiyou Co., and extends w through Klamath Mtns and n through Cascades to Mt. Hood in Clackamas Co., OR.
Previous taxon: Lilium rubescens
Next taxon: Lilium washingtonianum subsp. purpurascens
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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