|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to perennial herb [shrub, tree], generally from taproot. Stem: generally ± scapose, generally ribbed, hollow. Leaf: basal and generally cauline, generally alternate; stipules generally 0; petiole base generally sheathing stem; blade generally much dissected, occasionally compound. Inflorescence: umbel or head, simple or compound, generally peduncled; bracts present in involucres or 0; bractlets generally present in "involucels". Flower: many, small, generally bisexual (or some staminate), generally radial (or outer bilateral); calyx 0 or lobes 5, small; petals 5, free, generally ovate or spoon-shaped, generally incurved at tips, generally ± ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-chambered, generally with a ± conic, persistent projection or platform at tip subtending 2 free styles. Fruit: 2 dry, 1-seeded halves (= mericarps), separating from each other but generally ± persistent to central axis; ribs on halves 5, 2 marginal, 3 to back; oil tubes 1–several per interval between ribs.
300 genera, 3000 species: ± worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for food or spice (e.g., Carum, caraway; Daucus; Petroselinum); Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem. is historical garden weed; some toxic (e.g., Conium). Mature fruit generally critical in identification, shape given in outline. Hydrocotyle moved to Araliaceae. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill is a waif. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Apiaceae
Perennial herb, taprooted, glabrous to minutely scabrous. Stem: erect, leafy, conspicuously fibrous at base, generally branched. Leaf: blade oblong to round, ternately or pinnately compound or dissected, leaflets oblong to obovate, entire to deeply pinnately lobed, segments linear to oblong. Inflorescence: compound umbels; bracts generally 0; bractlets 0 or inconspicuous; rays, pedicels few to many, spreading-ascending. Flower: calyx lobes minute; petals wide, white [± pink]. Fruit: oblong to elliptic, ± compressed side-to-side; ribs ± equal, thread-like to narrowly winged; oil tubes generally several per rib-interval; fruit axis divided to base. Seed: face flat to concave.Key to Ligusticum
± 25 species: Eurasia, North America. (Liguria, Italy, home of related Levisticum, lovage) [Leute 1970 Ann Naturhist Mus Wien 74:457–519] Genus and species poorly defined.
Plant 6–12 dm, glabrous. Leaf: petiole 0.5–4 dm; blade 1–3 dm wide, triangular-ovate, ternate-pinnate, leaflets 1.5–4 cm, oblong to ovate, segments generally wide, obtuse, shallowly to deeply pinnately lobed; cauline leaves ± = basal, generally 2–3, distal ± sessile, occasionally paired. Inflorescence: peduncles generally whorled, terminal 1.5–4 dm, lateral generally staminate; rays generally 16–30, 2–6 cm, unequal; pedicels 5–10 mm, unequal. Fruit: 4–6 mm, oblong-ovate; ribs narrowly winged; oil tubes several per rib-interval. Seed: face concave.
Chaparral, woodland, often on serpentine; 15–1500 m. North Coast, Klamath Ranges, High Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada; southwestern Oregon. Jun–Aug [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Ligusticum apiifolium
Next taxon: Ligusticum grayi
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 18 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Ligusticum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=30892, accessed on Apr 18 2014
Copyright © 2013 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2011 Steve Matson
|Bioregions in which Ligusticum californicum occurs|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
|View elevation by latitude chart|| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month