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Dale W. McNeal, except as noted

Perennial herb, shrub, tree, fibrous succulent or not, from bulbs or rhizomes. Stem: above ground or not, branched or not. Leaf: simple, deciduous or not, basal or in terminal rosettes, generally sessile, linear, lanceolate, oblanceolate or ovate, fibrous or not, thin and flexible or thick and rigid or succulent; margin entire, fine-serrate, dentate, or with filaments, tips rigid or flexible, with a spine or not. Flower: bisexual; perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, free or ± fused; stamens 6, ± fused to perianth, filaments often wide, succulent; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, style 1 (thick, poorly defined), stigma head-like or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, indehiscent, loculicidal, or septicidal. Seed: few to many, ± flat or ovoid, generally black.
23 genera, 637 species: worldwide. —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Agavaceae


1 sp. (Greek: white lily) [Pires et al. 2006 Aliso 22:287–304]
Unabridged references: [Reveal & Utech 2002 FNANM 26:217]

L. montanum A. Gray
Perennial herb from short, often deep caudex; roots fleshy. Stem: ± 0. Leaf: basal, spreading, 10–20 cm, linear, base sheathed by membranous bracts. Inflorescence: pedicels underground. Flower: 5–10 cm; perianth ± salverform, parts 6, fused into slender tube, petal-like, white, persistent, lobes 2–2.5 cm, ± oblong, spreading; stamens 6, attached near top of perianth tube, anthers 4–6 mm, linear; ovary underground, superior, chambers 3, style 1, persistent, stigma ± 3-lobed. Fruit: 5–8 mm, 3-angled, ± wrinkled, loculicidal. Seed: 3–4 mm, angled, black.
2n=28. Sandy flats, sagebrush scrub, juniper woodland, montane forest; 1000–1500 m. Klamath Ranges, High Cascade Range, Modoc Plateau; to Oregon, Nebraska, Utah. May–Jun [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: Expanded author citation: Leucocrinum montanum Nutt. ex A. Gray.

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 26 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Leucocrinum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 26 2015

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Leucocrinum montanum Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.